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Goal 15: Life on Land

Goal 1: No Poverty Goal 2: Zero Hunger Goal 3: Good Health and Well-being Goal 4: Quality Education Goal 5: Gender Equality Goal 6: Clean Water and Sanitation Goal 7: Affordable and Clean Energy Goal 8: Decent Jobs and Economic Growth Goal 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure Goal 10: Reduced Inequalities Goal 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities Goal 12: Responsible Consumption and Production Goal 13: Climate Action Goal 14: Life Below Water Goal 15: Life on Land Goal 16: Peace and Justice - Strong Institutions Goal 17: Partnerships for the Goals

Goal 15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss



15.1    By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements

15.2    By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally

15.3    By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world

15.4    By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development

15.5    Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species

15.6    Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed

15.7    Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products

15.8    By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species

15.9    By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts

15.a    Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems

15.b    Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation

15.c    Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities


XLS National set of indicators for monitoring progress towards the UN Sustainable Development Goal 15

Indicator ID Indicator name Source Unit of measure 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
15.1.E.179 Share of forest area Eurostat % 44.7     48.0          
15.1.U.180 Average proportion of Freshwater Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) covered by protected areas  UN Global database % 94.98791 94.98791 94.98791 98.66798 98.66798 98.66798 98.66798 98.66798  
15.2.U.181 Proportion of forest area with a long-term management plan UN Global database % 95.83 96.01 96.35 96.71 97.05 97.39 - -  
15.2.U.182 Proportion of forest area within legally established protected areas UN Global database % 18.37 18.37 18.37 18.37 18.37 18.37 - -  
15.2.E.183 Soil sealing index Eurostat % 0.90     0.92#          
15.4.U.184 Average proportion of Mountain Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) covered by protected areas UN Global database % 97.48534 97.48534 97.48534 99.32538 99.49710 99.49710 99.49710 99.49710  
15.5.N.185 Share of terrestrial natural habitats of conservation importance, assessed in a favourable nature conservation status, compared to all reported under Art. 17 of the Habitats Directive in the Alpine, Continental and Black Sea biogeographic regions of the country  Ministry of Environment and Water %         12.64        
15.5.N.186 Share of the species of conservation importance, assessed in a favourable conservation status, compared to all reported under Art. 17 of the Habitats Directive in the Alpine, Continental and Black Sea biogeographic regions of the country  Ministry of Environment and Water %         38.58        
15.5.N.187 Share of the breeding bird species in the country, in which are observed stable or increasing long-term population trends, compared to all reported bird species under Art. 12 of the Birds Directive domestically breeding birds  Ministry of Environment and Water %         67        
15.5.U.188 Red List Index  UN Global database Index 0.93553 0.93553 0.93552 0.93552 0.93551 0.93550 0.93550 0.93549  
15.6.U.189 Total reported number of Standard Material Transfer Agreements (SMTAs) transferring plant genetic resources for food and agriculture to the country UN Global database Number 193 206 222 238 246 254 261 266  
15.7.N.190 Registered cases of poaching and illegal traffic in wild animals and plants trade.  Ministry of Environment and Water/Ministry of Agriculture and Foods number of detected violations/ per year 264 804 256 195 161 215 167 130 178
15.0.E.191 Natura 2000 protected areas Eurostat % 34.4 34.4 34.4 34.4 34.9 34.9      

"-" no case registered
"#"break in time series


Country:  Bulgaria

Source:  United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs