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Goal 12: Responsible Consumption and Production

Goal 1: No Poverty Goal 2: Zero Hunger Goal 3: Good Health and Well-being Goal 4: Quality Education Goal 5: Gender Equality Goal 6: Clean Water and Sanitation Goal 7: Affordable and Clean Energy Goal 8: Decent Jobs and Economic Growth Goal 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure Goal 10: Reduced Inequalities Goal 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities Goal 12: Responsible Consumption and Production Goal 13: Climate Action Goal 14: Life Below Water Goal 15: Life on Land Goal 16: Peace and Justice - Strong Institutions Goal 17: Partnerships for the Goals

Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns



12.1    Implement the 10‑Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries

12.2    By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources

12.3    By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses

12.4    By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment

12.5    By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse

12.6    Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle

12.7    Promote public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities

12.8    By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature

12.a    Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production

12.b    Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products

12.c    Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities


XLS National set of indicators for monitoring progress towards the UN Sustainable Development Goal 12

National set of indicators for monitoring progress towards the UN Sustainable Development Goal 12
Indicator ID Indicator name Source Unit of measure 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
12.0.E.146 Domestic material consumption per capita Eurostat Tonnes per capita 21.300 18.923 19.672 20.326 20.632 20.425 22.799 25.482e  
12.0.N.147 Happy Planet Index Wellbeing Economy Alliance (WEAll) Index 40.432991 40.148052 40.935937 40.579417 40.130775 43.684355      
12.0.E.148 Greenhouse gases emissions from production activities Eurostat Kilograms per capita 81 116 307 78 237 315 81 752 062 76 005 698 74 537 063 65 771 561 752 189 551 84 660 502  
12.0.E.149 Material flow accounts - Direct material inputs Eurostat Tonnes per capita 24.971 22.911 23.872 24.330 25.096 24.388 27.091 30.137e  
12.2.E.150 Resource productivity Eurostat Purchasing power standard (PPS) per kilogram 0.6207 0.7368e 0.7496 0.7678 0.8049 0.8113 0.8174 0.8572e  
12.0.E.151 Average CO2 emissions per km from new passenger cars Eurostat Average carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per km 130.3 125.8 153.0 153.6е 157.8е 147.1 139.5 134.7  
12.3.N.152 Food Waste Index NSI %           100.0 95.1    
12.0.E.153 Circular material use rate Eurostat % 3.1 4.4 3.5 2.5 4.1 5.9 4.8 4.8  
12.0.E.154 Generation of waste by hazardousness - Hazardous Eurostat Kilograms per capita   1 870   1 912   2 012      
12.5.U.155 Proportion of municipal waste recycled UN Global database % 29.35902 31.82923 34.57792 31.48148 34.57792е 65.46483 - -  
12.b.U.156 Implementation of standard accounting tools to monitor the economic and environmental aspects of tourism (Tourism Satellite Account tables) UN Global database Number of Tables/ Accounts compiled 4 4 4 4 4 0 -    

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Country:  Bulgaria

Source:  United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs