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‘Statistics’ Magazine No. 3 /2021

Published at: 24.09.2021 - 11:02

The National Statistical Institute informs users of statistical and information that the Issue 3 for 2021, of ‘Statistics’ Magazine is published on the NSI’s website. The publication is in Bulgarian with summaries in Bulgarian, English and Russian and includes the sections:

• Statistical surveys and analysis
• The Bulgarian statistics in three centuries
• Information, reviews, consultations

The section Statistical Surveys and Analysis includes the following articles:

• What are the real demographic problems of Bulgaria? - authors Prof. Marta Sugareva, Paisii Hilendarski University of Plovdiv, and Assoc. Prof. Mariana Murgova, UNWE - Sofia

The article aims to dispel some unfounded fears spreading in the public space in connection with the demographic development of Bulgaria. The tendencies of the main demographic processes in Bulgaria during the last decades (after 1960) - birth rate, mortality, natural increase and related elements of the demographic development are considered, compared with the respective processes in other European countries. A total of six countries, including Bulgaria, were selected using the same indicators of the processes in question. The information is also harmonized - from the Eurostat database in order to avoid misunderstandings and inconsistencies caused by reasons related to the origin of the data. The conclusions are in the field of population policy and demographic research in our country.

• The EU Cohesion Policy’s impact on the Regional Development of the Republic of Bulgaria - author and Prof. Veselin Boyadzhiev, Sofia University ‘St. Kliment Ohridski’, and Dr. Vasil Zarkov, BACC AD - Sofia 

Bulgaria is entering its third programming period of implementation of the European Union’s Cohesion Policy. During the new programming period 2021 - 2027, our country will receive cohesion policy’s investment funds amounting to 9 billion euros, which is an increase compared to 8.6 billion received during the previous period. Great opportunities often hide the problems they bring though - it is not by accident that the Chinese hieroglyph for opportunity also means risk. The significant amount of these funds instigates a lot of questions, among which: How effectively has cohesion policy been used as a tool to overcome socio-economic disparities and do Bulgarian regions really manage to converge? Two programming periods have already passed (2007 - 2013 and 2014 - 2020) since Bulgaria became a full member of the EU. This is a time long enough to make relatively objective assessments of the results and impact of the cohesion policy on the regional development of the country - one of the least developed countries in the Union, both at national and regional level.

JEL: R580

• Some aspects of the changes in the organizational structure of the National Statistical Institute - author Tsvetozaria Gateva, RSO - Severozapad, National Statistical Institute

Under the modern conditions, the increasing demands of the users of statistical information and the penetration of ICT necessitate changes in the NSI structure of the NSI at the level of Central Management and RSO. The article presents the changes in the organizational structure of the NSI, aimed at meeting the goals of the National and European Statistical Programme. It also analyzes key features of the NSI’s activity to justify why they are needed and how they contribute to improving the statistical activity and the quality of statistical information.

Keywords: statistical institution, statistical system, National Statistical Institute, organizational structure, reorganization, resource provision.

JEL: C10, C81, C82

• New opportunities for innovations in statistical theory and practice - geocoding of social research - author Valeria Angelova, National Statistical Institute - Sofia

The aim of this study is to analyze the practically unlimited possibilities of the population grid to provide even more diverse subnational data with longer time series. Added value for statistical science and practice can also be realized in terms of improving the quality of social survey samples. The analysis combines aspects of administrative-territorial, territorial and functional geographical zoning for statistical and analytical purposes, application of territorial typologies in different national and European policies, issues related to theory sampling and the possibilities of data estimation methods for small territorial units ( From English - Small Area Estimation Methods (SAE) The questions raised are relevant in the long run, as the challenges outlined in the article will be present on the agenda with each reorganization of the country and Europe.

Key words: grid cells with 1 km side, geo coding of statistical surveys, re-zoning, length of time series of regional and other subnational data, territorial typologies, sample optimization, SAE.

The article The Bulgarian statistics in three centuries includes the article:

• Short recollections in memory of Prof. Dano Balevski - author Dr. Bogdan Bogdanov, Deputy Chairman of the National Statistical Institute - Sofia

The author of the biographical essay recounts memories of Prof. Dano Balevski, who has been one of the emblematic leaders of Bulgarian state statistics for more than 20 years. He has consistently held senior positions in state statistics: since 1959 he has been deputy-chairman; in the period from 1971 to 1976 and in the period from 1977 to 1984 he was chairman; ended his career again as vice president from 1984 to 1991, when he retired.

The emphasis is on several significant meetings of the author with Prof. Balevski in the period 1981 - 1991. It briefly talks about the lessons learned from this remarkable man who left a lasting mark in the development of state statistics in Bulgaria. What he did is a good example and message for those who have accepted the profession of statistics as their life destiny.

The rubric Information, reviews, consultations presents the following information: 

  • Census of the Population and Housing in Bulgaria in 1965 - author Sonia Zlatanova, National Statistical Institute - Sofia

A Decree of the Council of Ministers № 132 of 30.XII.1963 regulates the conduct of the 12th census of the population and the housing stock in Bulgaria. The purpose of the census is to obtain complete and detailed data on the total population and its distribution by sex, age, ethnic composition, education, occupation, social groups and others as of December 1, 1965.

The census of the population and the housing stock is not carried out by the method of self-census, but through special bodies - enumerators and controllers.

The census of the housing stock in Bulgaria is carried in simultaneously with the general census of the population. Cards D and G are filled out in by all enumerators, and only 360 enumerators (3% of the city enumerators), or on average 12 enumerators per district, fill in card R. The detailed study of the dwellings gives an opportunity to work out a future balance of the housing stock in the country.

The collected population statistics during the census on December 1, 1965 are developed in 121 tables, of which 47 tables on the main demographic and economic characteristics, 28 tables for households and families, 24 tables for fertility, 16 tables for migration and 6 tables for the distribution of settlements according to the number of the population.

The collected information on buildings and housing in the country is developed in 81 tables, of which 23 tables for buildings and 56 tables for housing.

Annual subscription (4 issues): EUR 22
Price per issue 3/2021: EUR 7
 
The publication can be purchased at:
• Multi-Domain Statistics and User Services Directorate, NSI,
‘P. Volov’ № 2 Str., Sofia 1038.
• The Regional statistical offices of the NSI.
 
Payment is made:
1. Cash - in the Multi-Domain Statistics and User Services Directorate, NSI,
‘P. Volov’ № 2 Str., Sofia 1038.
2. Bank transfer
NSI bank account:
IBAN: BG84 BNBG 9661 3000 1190 01
BIC: BNBGBGSD
BULGARIAN NATIONAL BANK - SOFIA