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Statistics’ Magazine, issue 2/2021

Published at: 23.06.2021 - 10:20
The National Statistical Institute informs users of statistical information that Issue 2/2021 of ‘Statistics’ Magazine is published on the NSI’s website. The issue is in Bulgarian language with summaries in Bulgarian, English and Russian and includes sections as follows:

• Statistical surveys and analysis
• Bulgarian statistics in three centuries
• Information, reviews, consultations

The section Statistical Surveys and Analysis includes the following articles:

  • Main statistical dimensions for the socio-economic development of Bulgaria after the accession to the European Union - author Dr. Bogdan Bogdanov, Deputy President of the National Statistical Institute - Sofia

This article is intended to acquaint the reader with the main measures of socio-economic development after Bulgaria's accession to the European Union (EU). More than a decade has passed since the country joined the EU. The past path of positive development is there. The market economy dominates. Series of issues remain about the factors and reasons shaping the sustainability of economic development. The question is whether our country meets the conditions for sustainable economic development?

The article analyzes the main macro and microeconomic indicators characterizing the development of Bulgaria during the last ten years. Thoughts of the world-famous economist Joseph Stiglitz are quoted. Tables with comparative data on main economic indicators for the EU countries are presented. The presented statements and conclusions do not exhaust this important and large-scale topic, but can be a good start for comment and continuation of the material presented in the ‘Statistics’ magazine.

  • For the need to increase statistical literacy and culture - authors Prof. Marta

Sugareva, University of Plovdiv ‘Paisii Hilendarski’, and Assoc. Prof. Mariana Murgova,   UNWE - Sofia

The authors note the need to increase the statistical literacy and culture of the population. The ways in which this can be achieved are indicated - by improving the curricula and the teaching of the teaching material in the section ‘Probabilities and Statistics’ in the mathematics classes at school. Another activity that appears to be useful in this direction is the continuing education of teachers. The necessity of systematic training courses for mathematics teachers for teaching statistics is substantiated; it is also recommended to prepare and disseminate relevant teaching materials on applied statistics for teachers and students.

  • Statistics and Environmental Protection - author Gergana Cheshmedzhieva, National Statistical Institute - Sofia

The European Union's environment and climate policies aim to protect the environment and minimize risks to climate, human health and biodiversity. The European Green Deal and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development are two outstanding examples for that. The European Green Deal aims to make Europe the first climate-neutral continent with transformation program in economy in regards to clean energy, sustainable industry, the circular economy, sustainable mobility and more. The UN Sustainable Development Agenda till 2030 enables the EU's own strategic orientation to build a sustainable future. Environmental action programs are based on strategic initiatives, including resource efficiency, biodiversity conservation and a low-carbon economy.

Eurostat provides environmental statistics, accounts and indicators to support the development, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policies, strategies and initiatives of the European Union for the environment.

JEL classification

Q56 „Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth“

(Source: JEL Classification System,

  • A statistical study on the success of students in mathematics (2005 - 2019) - authors Svetlana Vasileva, High School of Natural Sciences and Mathematics - Dobrich, and Stanimira Ilieva, VFU ‘Chernorizets Hrabar’

An analysis of the results of a student survey conducted at the Ivan Vazov High School of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Dobrich, is presented.

The work on the project ‘Analysis of student achievement in mathematics (2005 - 2019)’ aims to show students how to collect and analyze data using term and annual grades from school diaries of selected classes for certain years. The grades in mathematics from the first and second term and the annual grades for each school year are compared with T-test, F-test and Kruger-Spearman rank correlation. The most important goal of the project is for students to understand and evaluate the diverse applications of statistics not only in human activity but also in the management of various industries, and also as an aid for teachers who are not specialists in mathematics.

The rubric The Bulgarian statistics in three centuries includes the article:

  • In memory of prof. Polya Angelova - scientist, lecturer and supervisor - author Dr. Bogdan Bogdanov, Deputy President of the National Statistical Institute - Sofia

On March 28, 2021, at the age of 60, the Vice-Rector of the Academy of Economics “D. A. Tsenov” and long-term head of the Department of Statistics and Applied Mathematics Prof. Dr. Polya Angelova passed away. The short article dedicated to Prof. Angelova presents the main moments of her creative path as academician. Along with this, she is well known as a person and a colleague - momentary memories of meetings worth remembering and collegial cooperation.           

The section Information, reviews, consultations presents the following information:

  • GDP per capita in the EU regions - author Rusin Rusinov, National Statistical Institute - Sofia

Regional gross domestic product (GDP) is used to measure and compare the economic activity of regions. This is the most important indicator for the selection of the regions eligible for support under the investment objective, for growth and work places in the regional policy of the country. 

  • Census of civil servants in Bulgaria in 1896, 1904 and 1911 - author Sonya Zlatanova, National Statistical Institute - Sofia

Organized government statistics in Bulgaria can be discussed only at the end of the 19th century. This is a period in which the young Bulgarian state is intensively building its governance apparatus according to models borrowed from the developed European countries.

On March 1, 1896, the official state statistical body of Bulgaria - the Statistical Bureau, conducted the first census of government officials and employees in the Bulgarian principality.

The second census of government officials and employees in Bulgaria was conducted by the Directorate of Statistics on June 1, 1904, exactly eight years after their first census.

On April 1, 1911 was held the third census, which was undertaken by the General Directorate of Statistics by decision of the Supreme Statistical Council and on the request of the Parliamentary Committee on the Staffs of Officials, elected by the XIV Ordinary National Assembly.

The publications with the results of the census of civil officials and employees are bilingual - in Bulgarian and in French, and are available in the library of the National Statistical Institute.

Annual subscription (4 issues): EUR 22
Price per issue 2/2021: EUR 7
The publication can be purchased at:
• Multi-Domain Statistics and User Services Directorate, NSI,
‘P. Volov’ № 2 Str., Sofia 1038.
• The Regional statistical offices of the NSI.
Payment is made:
1. Cash - in the Multi-Domain Statistics and User Services Directorate, NSI,
‘P. Volov’ № 2 Str., Sofia 1038.
2. Bank transfer
NSI bank account:
IBAN: BG84 BNBG 9661 3000 1190 01