National Statistical Institute
|Contact organisation unit|
„Health Care and Justice Statistics“ Department
|Contact person function|
Head of department
|Contact mail address|
2, P. Volov Str.; 1038 Sofia, Bulgaria
|Contact email address|
|Contact phone number|
+359 2 9857 459
|Contact fax number|
|Metadata last certified||08 December 2021|
|Metadata last posted||08 December 2021|
|Metadata last update||08 December 2021|
International comparisons ensures data at country level for European Union Member States and other countries on:
The data come from official sources in the countries such as the National Statistics Offices, the National Prison Administrations, the Ministries of the Interior and the Police, the Ministries of Justice.
The information is based on the joint Eurostat-UNODC data collection (UN-CTS).
Data for the United Kingdom (England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland) appears separately because of the existence of three separate jurisdictions.
|Statistical concepts and definitions|
Contact persons in each country are asked to adhere as far as possible to the following definitions and to provide details of any divergence. Definitions for crime, police officers and persons held in prison are:
Homicide - includes intentional killing of a person, euthanasia, infanticide etc. Attempted homicide is excluded. Bulgarian data cover intentional homicide only. Homicide recorded by the police can be registered at the time the offence is first reported to the police, in the process of investigation or after the offence has been investigated.
Rape is sexual penetration without valid consent or with consent as a result of intimidation, force, fraud, coercion, threat, deception, use of drugs or alcohol, abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability, or the giving or receiving of benefits.
Theft includes unlawfully taking or obtaining of property with the intent to permanently withhold it from a person or organization without consent and without the use of force, threat of force or violence, coercion or deception. Burglary, housebreaking and robbery, theft of intellectual property, identity theft etc. are excluded.
Crime recorded by the police
Persons held in prison
For administrative data, the statistical population for each statistic is the complete register (all the relevant records). The definition of the statistical unit depends on the definitions described above, as a result of which the respective population is defined. Regarding persons, all persons are included, without limitation of age or nationality.
2010 - 2019
|Unit of measure|
Rate per 100 000 persons of the population.
Crimes - the standard reference period is the calendar year.
Police officers - the standard reference date is 31 December.
Persons held in prison - the reference date in a given year differs across jurisdictions.
Data for Bulgaria are as of 31 December.
|Legal acts and other agreements|
|Confidentiality - policy|
Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.
Regulation (EU) 2015/759 of the European parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2015 amending Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics.
|Confidentiality - data treatment|
Data are released in the Eurostat database approximately 18 months after the reference year.
|Release calendar access|
In line with the Community legal framework and the European Statistics Code of Practice Eurostat disseminates European statistics on Eurostat's website respecting professional independence and in an objective, professional and transparent manner in which all users are treated equitably. The detailed arrangements are governed by the Eurostat protocol on impartial access to Eurostat data for users.
|Frequency of dissemination|
|Accessibility and clarity|
On the Eurostat website - the analysis files.
|Documentation on methodology|
The data come from official sources in the countries such as the National Statistics Office, prison administrations, the Ministries of the Interior or Justice and the Police. All countries have procedures for the collection of these statistics but there are many differences between the systems used by different countries.
Quality control of the data in Eurostat is performed in accordance with the European Statistics
Additional information concerning applied methodologies is available on Eurostat database Crime and Criminal Justice (crim).
Data are provided to Eurostat through a network of national contact points designated by the national statistical offices. The contact points are responsible for collecting the data from various sources, summarizing, and validating the data at national level and providing them to Eurostat. Eurostat validates the data and monitors the data quality for each data category and time series.
Each country determines its own procedures for gathering data and is responsible for the provided information. No assessment has been made by Eurostat.
The need to provide information on the development of crime in the European Union was recognised in the Hague Programme adopted by the European Council in 2004.
There is missing data for some countries, for some or all years, or for some indicators. The scope of the data is possible to be extended in the future, in accordance with the needs and requirements of the policy in the field.
|Accuracy and reliability|
|Timeliness and punctuality|
Eurostat requests data for the year T to be delivered at T + approximately 1 year.
Nearly all countries are able to meet the request for data to be provided and the others deliver at their earliest convenience.
|Coherence and comparability|
|Comparability - geographical|
Comparability is affected by many factors, such as differences in:
Comparisons should be made based on trend analysis.
|Comparability - over time|
See point “Comparability - geographical”.
|Coherence - cross domain|
|Coherence - internal|
|Cost and burden|
The main burden is on the European Union Member States and the national contact points who collect and summarize the data from various sources.
|Data revision - policy|
Annually, if necessary.
|Data revision - practice|
Revisions are incorporated into the database after being confirmed by national contact.
Eurostat statistics data base.
The source data type is records from administrative registers. There are several different data producing sources, such as police, prosecution, courts, the Ministry of the Interior, the Ministry of Justice and prison administration.
For Bulgaria - data sources are the Ministry of Interior and the General Directorate “Execution of penalties” at the Ministry of Justice.
|Frequency of data collection|
The data are provided to Eurostat by completing a questionnaire, using harmonized definitions. They are transmitted to Eurostat in accordance with the information security procedures through a single-entry point eDAMIS.
The data are checked for completeness, internal consistency, and consistency over time and coherence with other relevant data sources. The following checks are performed for:
Within the data validation procedure and, if necessary, the data are validated by the contact persons. Eurostat does not perform editing, evaluation, imputation, weighing, seasonal adjustment or other calculation procedures.
There is no summary information at EU level published in the Eurostat database.
Download in SDMX 2.1 file format: International comparisons - Data from Eurostat statistics database
Metadata Structure Definition in SDMX 2.1: ESMS_MSD+BNSI+2.0+SDMX.2.1.xml
Download in SDMX 2.0 file format: International comparisons - Data from Eurostat statistics database
Metadata Structure Definition in SDMX 2.0: ESMS_MSD+BNSI+2.0+SDMX.2.0.xml