Gross National Income (GNI)

Gross national income (GNI) - NATIONAL LEVEL - GNI
Contact organisation

National Statistical Institute

Contact organisation unit

Macroeconomic Statistics Directorate

Contact name

Елка Атанасова

Contact person function

Director Macroeconomic Statistics Directorate

Contact mail address

2 P. Volov Str., Sofia 1038

Contact email address

[email protected]

Contact phone number

+359 2 9857 775

Contact fax number
Metadata update
Metadata last certified05 November 2014
Metadata last posted05 November 2014
Metadata last update05 November 2014
Statistical presentation
Data description

Gross National Income (at market prices) comprises the total primary income, receivable by resident institutional units as a result of commitments to productive activity: compensation of employees, taxes on production and imports less subsidies, property income (receivable less payable), gross operating surplus and gross mixed income. Gross national income can be also calculated as GDP minus primary income payable by resident units to non-resident units, plus primary income receivable by resident units from the rest of the world. Net gross national income is equal to gross national income after deducting consumption of fixed capital.

Classification system

· Classification of Economic Activities (CEA-2008, for international use NACE.BG-2008);

· Classification of Products by Economic Activities (CPEA-2008, for international use CPA.BG-2008);

· Nomenclature of Industrial Production (PRODCOM.BG);

· Classification of Individual Consumption According to Purpose (COICOP);

· Classification of the Functions of Government (COFOG);

· Classification of the Purposes of Non-Profit Institutions Serving Households (COPNI);

· Combined Nomenclature.

Sector coverage

Total economy

Statistical concepts and definitions

In the GNI Regulation (EC, Euratom; No 1287/2003), Article 2 states that before 22

September each year, Member States shall provide the Commission (Eurostat) in the context of national accounting procedures, with figures for aggregate GNI and its components. The questionnaire containing information on the GNI include preceding year and any changes made to the figures for previous years.

Gross National Income (GNI) is calculated at market prices. GNI equals GDP minus primary

income payable by resident units to non-resident units plus primary income receivable by resident units from the rest of the world.

Gross national income can be calculated as the value of GDP subtracting primary income payable by resident units to non-resident units plus primary income to be received by resident units from the "Rest of the world". GDP measures production within the country, while GNI valued income residents, no matter where they are received. Gross national income is called gross national product.

Statistical unit

Institutional unit under ESA 2010 - enterprise, household, public institution.

Statistical population

Economic territory of the country

Reference area


Time coverage

2010- 2013

Base period

Not applicable.

Unit of measure

Mln. BGN

Reference period


Institutional mandate
Legal acts and other agreements


Data sharing

Transmission to European Commission

Confidentiality - policy
  • Law on Statistics;

· Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.

Confidentiality - data treatment
Release policy
Release calendar

Under Regulation 1287/2003 of the EU harmonization of gross national income at market prices, member 2/2 / and 2/3 / - September 22.

Release calendar access

The calendar is available on the NSI website:

User access

Data is published on the BNSI website in section Gross National Income in accordance with the Law on Statistics and the European Statistics Code of Practice respecting the professional independence and aimed at objectivity, transparency and equal treatment of all consumers.

Frequency of dissemination


Accessibility and clarity
News release

Not applicable.


· Publication „Main Macroeconomic Indicators“;

· Electronic publication (on CD-ROM).

On-line database

Data are available to all users of the NSI website under the heading Gross National Income:

Micro-data access

Not applicable.

Documentation on methodology

European System of National Accounts (2010) (Eurostat).

Quality documentation

European system of accounts (ESA 2010)

Quality management
Quality assurance

· European Statistics Code of Practice;

· Common framework for quality management in the National Statistical System.

Quality assessment

Questionnaire on the implementation of the principles of the European Statistics Code of Practice.

User needs
User satisfaction
Accuracy and reliability
Overall accuracy
Sampling error
Non-sampling error
Timeliness and punctuality

Regulation 1287/2003 EU harmonization of BNT at market prices, Article 2/2 / and 2/3 / - September 22nd .

Coherence and comparability
Comparability - geographical
Comparability - over time
Coherence - cross domain

Additional information on other indicators in national accounts are available in other subject areas related to national accounts.

Coherence - internal
Cost and burden
Data revision
Data revision - policy


Data revision - practice


Statistical processing
Source data

Sources of data are statistical surveys, annual accounts of economic units and administrative data:

• Income and expenses, including statistical annexes;

• Report on production and sales of industrial production;

• Revenues of construction enterprises by types of construction;

• Sales of retail outlets by product groups;

• National energy balance;

• Natural - value balance about 130 product groups consumed during the production activity of enterprises and divisions;

• Economic accounts for agriculture and natural - balance value of agricultural production;

• Annual statistical report on employees and wages and salary;

• Sample observations for the statistical description of the economic behavior of specific actors in the institutional framework of the economic system:

- Observations of household budgets;

- Observations of the situation and business statistics;

- Observations on private farms;

• Annual accounts:

- Annual report of non-financial corporations;

- Annual report of non-profit organizations;

- Annual report of banking institutions;

- Annual report of insurance companies and pension funds;

- Annual report of other financial intermediaries;

• Administrative data and balance sheet developments:

- Consolidated reports on implementation of the state budget;

- Customs information;

- Tax Information;

- Balance of Payments.

Frequency of data collection


Data collection

Exhaustively for all units

Data validation

Implementation of validated procedures for assessing data quality.

Data compilation

Implementation of validated procedures for assessing data quality.


Not applicable.

Metadata Structure Definition: ESMS_MSD+BNSI+2.0+SDMX.2.0.xml
  • Gross National Income (GNI)