Innovative enterprises, as a share of all enterprises



INNOVATIVE ENTERPRISES, AS A SHARE OF ALL ENTERPRISES
%
Industries (NACE rev. 2)
Size class (by number of employees)
2016
Innovative enterprises 3) Enterprises with technological innovation 4) Enterprises with non-technological innovation 5)
Total 27.2 19.8 17.3
Industry 1) 31.6 24.9 17.9
Services 2) 22.1 14.1 16.7
 
10 - 49 employees 20.5 15.2 12.7
50 - 249 employees 44.3 32.9 28.0
250 or more employees 81.9 50.6 62.0

1) Included are NACE sections B, C, D and E.
2) Included are NACE sections Н, J and К, and NACE divisions 46, 71, 72 and 73.
3) Innovative enterprises include enterprises with technological and non-technological innovation.
4) Enterprises with technological innovation include enterprises with product and process innovation
(regardless of organisational or marketing innovation).
5) Enterprises with non-technological innovation include enterprises with organisational and marketing innovation
(regardless of product and process innovation).
29.06.2018


Euro-SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

INNOVATION ACTIVITY - Main indicators for innovation activities of enterprises
Contact
Contact organisation

National Statistical Institute

Contact organisation unit

Science, Innovation and Information Society Department

Contact name

Nadia Katerinkina

Contact person function

Chief expert

Contact mail address

2, P. Volov Str.; 1038 Sofia, Bulgaria

Contact email address

[email protected]

Contact phone number

+359 2 9857 167

Contact fax number
Metadata update
Metadata last certified30 March 2017
Metadata last posted30 March 2017
Metadata last update30 March 2017
Statistical presentation
Data description

The statistical survey on innovation activity is conducted every even year and the observation period covered by the survey is the three-year period.

The survey provides internationally comparable information on product and process innovations as well as on organisational and marketing innovations introduced in the enterprises in Bulgaria.

Classification system

· Classification of Economic Activities (CEA-2008, for international use NACE.BG-2008);

· Classification of territorial units for statistical purposes in Bulgaria (NUTS).

Sector coverage

Units of observation are all enterprises of non-financial and financial sector with 10 or more employees engaged primarily in the following economic activities (NACE.BG-2008): Mining and quarrying; Manufacturing; Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities; Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles; Transportation and storage; Information and communication; Financial and insurance activities; Architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis; Scientific research and development; Advertising and market research.

Statistical concepts and definitions

An innovation is the implementation of a new or significantly improved product (good or service) or process, a new marketing method, or a new organisational method in business practices, workplace organisation or external relations. Innovations are based on the results of new technological developments, new combinations of existing technology or the utilisation of other knowledge acquired by an enterprise.

A product innovation is the introduction of a good or service that is new or significantly improved with respect to its characteristics or intended uses. This includes significant improvements in technical specifications, components and materials, incorporated software, user friendliness or other functional characteristics.

A process innovation is the implementation of a new or significantly improved production or delivery method. This includes significant changes in techniques, equipment and/or software. Process innovations can be intended to decrease unit costs of production or delivery, to increase quality, or to produce or deliver new or significantly improved products.

An organisational innovation is a new organisational method in an enterprise?s business practices (including knowledge management), workplace organisation or external relations that has not been previously used by the enterprise. It must be the result of strategic decisions taken by management; this excludes mergers or acquisitions, even if for the first time.

A marketing innovation is the implementation of a new marketing method involving significant changes in product design or packaging, product placement, product promotion or pricing. Marketing innovations are aimed at better addressing customer needs, opening up new markets, or newly positioning a firm?s product on the market, with the objective of increasing the firm?s sales. This excludes seasonal, regular and other routine changes in marketing methods.

Innovation co-operation is active participation with other enterprises or institutions on innovation activities. Pure contracting out of work with no active co-operation in innovation projects is not considered as a co-operation.

Statistical unit

Enterprise.

Statistical population

The Innovation survey is exhaustive and the statistical population includes all non-financial and financial enterprises with 10 or more employees engaged in the economic activities (NACE.BG-2008) referred to in item Sector coverage.

Reference area

The data refer to the activities of non-financial and financial enterprises carried out in the country.

Time coverage

Since 2004 - the last reference year (only the even years).

Base period

Not applicable.

Unit of measure

CIS data - Absolute value and Percentage;

Innovation expenditures and turnover - Thousand BGN.

Reference period

Every even year.

Institutional mandate
Legal acts and other agreements

EU Legislation:

· Decision No 1608/2003/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 July 2003 concerning the production and development of Community statistics on science and technology.

· Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 995/2012 of 26 October 2012 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of Decision No 1608/2003/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the production and development of Community statistics on science and technology.

National Legal basis:

· Law on Statistics

· National Statistical Programme

Data sharing

Not applicable.

Confidentiality
Confidentiality - policy

· Law on Statistics;

· Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.

Confidentiality - data treatment

The individual (primary) data are confidential according to the Law on Statistics and European legislation. To ensure their protection and inability to be identified, the aggregated indicators are also defined as confidential when the indicator is calculated from one or two enterprises or one enterprise formed more than 85% of the total value of this indicator.

Release policy
Release calendar

The deadline for dissemination of the statistical information on innovation activity is specified in the Release Calendar presenting the results of the statistical surveys carried out by the National Statistical Institute.

Release calendar access

The calendar is available on the NSI website.

User access

Data are published on the NSI web site and on NSI information system INFOSTAT and are available to all users of statistical information.

Frequency of dissemination

Every even year.

Accessibility and clarity
News release

Regular press release

Publications

· Statistical Yearbook;

· Statistical Reference book

On-line database

Data are available for all users on the NSI website and on NSI information system INFOSTAT under the heading R&D, Innovation and Information Society. 

Micro-data access

According to Rules for provision of anonymised individual data for scientific and research purposes of the National Statistical Institute.

Other

Information service on request, according to the Rules for dissemination of statistical products and services of NSI.

Documentation on methodology

Methodological manual 'Oslo' (Guidelines for collecting and interpreting innovation data - Oslo Manual, OECD, 2005).

Quality documentation

Quality reports on Innovation statistics.

Quality management
Quality assurance

Statistical practices used to compile the data on innovation activity of enterprises are in compliance with Oslo Manual recommendations.

Quality assessment

Performed by standard criteria for quality assessment - relevance, accuracy and reliability, timeliness, comparability and coherence.

Relevance
User needs

Main users of the data on innovation activity of enterprises are ministries, research institutions and other users in the country, as well as Eurostat and other international organizations.

User satisfaction

Not conducted the satisfaction survey.

Completeness

In accordance with Regulation (EU) No 995/2012 of the Commission the required data completeness is ensured for all variables.

Accuracy and reliability
Overall accuracy

The statistical data are of good accuracy and reliability.

Sampling error

The survey is exhaustive and there are no sampling errors.

Non-sampling error

Not applicable.

Timeliness and punctuality
Timeliness

Data are published 18 months after the end of the reference period.

Punctuality

Deadlines for the data delivery on innovation activity of enterprises, specified in the Release Calendar, are strictly followed.

Coherence and comparability
Comparability - geographical

In order to ensure comparability across countries, Eurostat, in close cooperation with the EU Member States and other countries developed a standard core questionnaire for each CIS, with an accompanying set of definitions and methodological recommendations which are adopted by all countries and are fully consistent with the definitions in the methodological manual "Oslo."

Comparability - over time

Data are comparable over time.

Coherence - cross domain

Data obtained from the Innovation survey are coherent with R&D data.

Coherence - internal

Not applicable.

Cost and burden

Not applicable.

Data revision
Data revision - policy

Not applicable.

Data revision - practice

Not applicable.

Statistical processing
Source data

Statistical survey on innovation activity of enterprises.

Frequency of data collection

Every even year.

Data collection

Exhaustive survey of all enterprises of non-financial and financial sector with 10 or more employees. Data are collected using a paper and electronic (on-line) questionnaire included in the annual reports on the activities of enterprises.

Data validation

Data validation is done through arithmetic and logic control of input data and comparison of the output data with the results of previous surveys and data from administrative sources.

Data compilation

The Innovation survey is exhaustive survey and no estimates are made.

Adjustment

Not applicable.

Comment
Metadata Structure Definition: ESMS_MSD+BNSI+2.0+SDMX.2.0.xml


ESS Standard for Quality Reports Structure (ESQRS)

INNOVATION ACTIVITY - Main indicators for innovation activities of enterprises
Contact
Contact organisation

National Statistical Institute

Contact organisation unit

Science, Innovation and Information Society Department

Contact name

Nadia Katerinkina

Contact person function

Chief expert

Contact mail address

2, P. Volov Str.; 1038 Sofia, Bulgaria

Contact email address

[email protected]

Contact phone number

+359 2 9857 167

Contact fax number
Statistical presentation
Data description

The statistical survey on innovation activity is conducted every even year and the observation period covered by the survey is the three-year period.

The survey provides internationally comparable information on product and process innovations as well as on organisational and marketing innovations introduced in the enterprises in Bulgaria.

Classification system

· Classification of Economic Activities (CEA-2008, for international use NACE.BG-2008);

· Classification of territorial units for statistical purposes in Bulgaria (NUTS).

Sector coverage

Units of observation are all enterprises of non-financial and financial sector with 10 or more employees engaged primarily in the following economic activities (NACE.BG-2008): Mining and quarrying; Manufacturing; Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities; Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles; Transportation and storage; Information and communication; Financial and insurance activities; Architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis; Scientific research and development; Advertising and market research.

Statistical concepts and definitions

An innovation is the implementation of a new or significantly improved product (good or service) or process, a new marketing method, or a new organisational method in business practices, workplace organisation or external relations. Innovations are based on the results of new technological developments, new combinations of existing technology or the utilisation of other knowledge acquired by an enterprise.

A product innovation is the introduction of a good or service that is new or significantly improved with respect to its characteristics or intended uses. This includes significant improvements in technical specifications, components and materials, incorporated software, user friendliness or other functional characteristics.

A process innovation is the implementation of a new or significantly improved production or delivery method. This includes significant changes in techniques, equipment and/or software. Process innovations can be intended to decrease unit costs of production or delivery, to increase quality, or to produce or deliver new or significantly improved products.

An organisational innovation is a new organisational method in an enterprise?s business practices (including knowledge management), workplace organisation or external relations that has not been previously used by the enterprise. It must be the result of strategic decisions taken by management; this excludes mergers or acquisitions, even if for the first time.

A marketing innovation is the implementation of a new marketing method involving significant changes in product design or packaging, product placement, product promotion or pricing. Marketing innovations are aimed at better addressing customer needs, opening up new markets, or newly positioning a firm?s product on the market, with the objective of increasing the firm?s sales. This excludes seasonal, regular and other routine changes in marketing methods.

Innovation co-operation is active participation with other enterprises or institutions on innovation activities. Pure contracting out of work with no active co-operation in innovation projects is not considered as a co-operation.

Statistical unit

Enterprise.

Statistical population

The Innovation survey is exhaustive and the statistical population includes all non-financial and financial enterprises with 10 or more employees engaged in the economic activities (NACE.BG-2008) referred to in item Sector coverage.

Reference area

The data refer to the activities of non-financial and financial enterprises carried out in the country.

Time coverage

Since 2004 - the last reference year (only the even years).

Base period

Not applicable.

Statistical processing
Source data

Statistical survey on innovation activity of enterprises.

Frequency of data collection

Every even year.

Data collection

Exhaustive survey of all enterprises of non-financial and financial sector with 10 or more employees. Data are collected using a paper and electronic (on-line) questionnaire included in the annual reports on the activities of enterprises.

Data validation

Data validation is done through arithmetic and logic control of input data and comparison of the output data with the results of previous surveys and data from administrative sources.

Data compilation

The Innovation survey is exhaustive survey and no estimates are made.

Adjustment

Not applicable.

Quality management
Quality assurance

Statistical practices used to compile the data on innovation activity of enterprises are in compliance with Oslo Manual recommendations.

Quality assessment

Performed by standard criteria for quality assessment - relevance, accuracy and reliability, timeliness, comparability and coherence.

Relevance
User needs

Main users of the data on innovation activity of enterprises are ministries, research institutions and other users in the country, as well as Eurostat and other international organizations.

User satisfaction

Not conducted the satisfaction survey.

Completeness

In accordance with Regulation (EU) No 995/2012 of the Commission the required data completeness is ensured for all variables.

Data completeness - rate

Data are produced in all required breakdowns for the obligatory variables according to Regulation (EU) No 995/2012. Additional data breakdowns are also compiled in order to satisfy user needs.

Accuracy and reliability
Overall accuracy

The statistical data are of good accuracy and reliability.

Sampling error

The survey is exhaustive and there are no sampling errors.

Sampling errors - indicators

The survey is exhaustive and there are no sampling errors.

Non-sampling error

Not applicable.

Coverage error

There are no indications for coverage errors.

Over-coverage - rate

There is no over-coverage.

Common units - proportion

Not applicable.

Measurement error

In order to minimize the measurement errors, because of misunderstanding of the respondents, the questionnaire on innovation activity of enterprises is attended with methodological explanatory notes in line with Oslo Manual recommendations.

Non response error

Actions to reduce the non-response include sending the reminder letters, supplemented if needed, by telephone calls and/or direct contact with the respondents for collection of data.

Unit non-response - rate

Unit non-response error is within 1%.

Item non-response - rate

There is not item non-response error.

Processing error

Processing errors are negligible due to extensive arithmetic and logical checking control of data.

Imputation - rate

Not applicable.

Model assumption error

Not applicable.

Seasonal adjustment

Not applicable.

Data revision - policy

Not applicable.

Data revision - practice

Not applicable.

Data revision - average size

Not applicable.

Timeliness and punctuality
Timeliness

Data are published 18 months after the end of the reference period.

Time lag - first results
Time lag - final results

Final data - 18 months after the end of the reference period.

Punctuality

Deadlines for the data delivery on innovation activity of enterprises, specified in the Release Calendar, are strictly followed.

Punctuality - delivery and publication

Data on innovation activity of enterprises are published at the date specified in the Release Calendar presenting the results of the statistical surveys carried out by the NSI.

Coherence and comparability
Comparability - geographical

In order to ensure comparability across countries, Eurostat, in close cooperation with the EU Member States and other countries developed a standard core questionnaire for each CIS, with an accompanying set of definitions and methodological recommendations which are adopted by all countries and are fully consistent with the definitions in the methodological manual "Oslo."

Asymmetry for mirror flows statistics - coefficient

Not applicable.

Comparability - over time

Data are comparable over time.

Length of comparable time series
Coherence - cross domain

Data obtained from the Innovation survey are coherent with R&D data.

Coherence - sub annual and annual statistics

Not applicable.

Coherence - National Accounts

Not applicable.

Coherence - internal

Not applicable.

Accessibility and clarity
News release

Regular press release

Publications

· Statistical Yearbook;

· Statistical Reference book

On-line database

Data are available for all users on the NSI website and on NSI information system INFOSTAT under the heading R&D, Innovation and Information Society. 

Data tables - consultations
Micro-data access

According to Rules for provision of anonymised individual data for scientific and research purposes of the National Statistical Institute.

Other

Information service on request, according to the Rules for dissemination of statistical products and services of NSI.

Metadata - consultations
Documentation on methodology

Methodological manual 'Oslo' (Guidelines for collecting and interpreting innovation data - Oslo Manual, OECD, 2005).

Metadata completeness – rate
Quality documentation

Quality reports on Innovation statistics.

Cost and burden

Not applicable.

Confidentiality
Confidentiality - policy

· Law on Statistics;

· Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.

Confidentiality – data treatment

The individual (primary) data are confidential according to the Law on Statistics and European legislation. To ensure their protection and inability to be identified, the aggregated indicators are also defined as confidential when the indicator is calculated from one or two enterprises or one enterprise formed more than 85% of the total value of this indicator.

Comment
Metadata Structure Definition: ESQRS_MSD+BNSI+2.0+SDMX.2.0.xml
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