Labour Cost Survey


Time series: Labour_4.1_EN.xls

AVERAGE ANNUAL NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES AND WAGES AND SALARIES BY ECONOMIC ACTIVITY GROUPINGS AND MODE OF EMPLOYMENT IN 2016
Economic activity Total (Full-time and part-time)* Full-time Part-time*
Employees Average annual wages and salaries Employees Average annual wages and salaries Employees Average annual wages and salaries
Number BGN Number BGN Number BGN
Total 2 245 479 11 021 2 064 533 11 645 180 946 3 906
Mining and quarrying 23 673 16 610 23 439 16 731 234 4 499
Manufacturing 514 211 9 859 494 422 10 123 19 789 3 279
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 30 560 19 941 30 137 20 113 423 7 706
Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 36 324 9 680 35 423 9 750 901 6 916
Construction 127 399 8 975 117 714 9 435 9 685 3 375
Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 383 758 9 803 341 415 10 535 42 343 3 905
Transportation and storage 150 449 10 015 138 345 10 586 12 104 3 492
Accommodation and food service activities 121 961 6 209 102 552 6 858 19 409 2 778
Information and communication 83 915 27 004 80 523 27 847 3 392 6 998
Financial and insurance activities 55 548 19 478 52 004 20 347 3 544 6 737
Real estate activities 24 250 10 211 21 125 11 120 3 125 4 064
Professional, scientific and technical activities 77 622 15 529 69 760 16 749 7 862 4 711
Administrative and support service activities 118 200 8 410 103 733 9 126 14 467 3 275
Public administration and defence; compulsory social security 111 116 12 700 106 741 13 060 4 375 3 932
Education 166 266 10 500 157 236 10 873 9 030 4 006
Human health and social work activities 144 293 11 080 126 235 11 873 18 058 5 543
Arts, entertainment and recreation 36 392 9 213 32 811 9 860 3 581 3 277
Other service activities 39 542 6 777 30 918 7 789 8 624 3 152

* Part-time employees are not converted into full-time equivalents
STRUCTURE OF EMPLOYER'S LABOUR COSTS BY ECONOMIC ACTIVITY GROUPINGS IN 2016
%
Labour Costs components Total Economic activity
Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities Construction Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
Wages and salaries costs 81.62 70.35 82.01 68.64 78.28 83.91 84.24
of which: Basic wages and salaries for days worked 58.16 39.91 59.41 40.62 54.39 65.64 65.19
Bonuses 8.36 9.23 7.97 6.75 5.39 7.08 8.30
Payments for days not worked 6.36 7.27 5.87 7.64 6.97 5.35 5.05
Additional remunerations according to the Labour Code, State Officials Act or other legislative acts 8.74 13.94 8.76 13.63 11.53 5.84 5.70
Employers' actual social contributions 14.54 18.45 14.56 16.27 15.01 14.28 13.85
of which: Statutory social-security contributions 14.39 17.78 14.46 15.09 14.94 14.24 13.72
Collectively agreed, contractual and voluntary social-security contributions payable by the employer 0.15 0.67 0.10 1.18 0.07 0.04 0.13
Employers’ imputed social contributions 1.62 2.25 1.36 2.39 1.95 1.28 1.15
Other social expenses and benefits 1.88 6.05 1.78 10.53 4.55 0.45 0.69
Taxes regarded as labour costs 0.03 0.06 0.04 0.13 0.04 0.02 0.01
Vocational training costs 0.11 0.06 0.05 0.10 0.03 0.01 0.05
Other labour costs 0.20 2.78 0.19 1.94 0.14 0.05 0.02
STRUCTURE OF EMPLOYER'S LABOUR COSTS BY ECONOMIC ACTIVITY GROUPINGS IN 2016
(Continue)
%
Labour Costs components Total Economic activity
Transportation and storage Accommodation and food service activities Information and communication Financial and insurance activities Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
Wages and salaries costs 81.62 76.13 83.14 86.38 83.25 84.60 85.44
of which: Basic wages and salaries for days worked 58.16 51.85 71.18 62.93 58.28 67.94 64.95
Bonuses 8.36 7.89 3.33 12.28 12.04 5.82 9.07
Payments for days not worked 6.36 5.62 4.22 5.80 5.88 5.26 5.68
Additional remunerations according to the Labour Code, State Officials Act or other legislative acts 8.74 10.78 4.40 5.37 7.05 5.58 5.73
Employers' actual social contributions 14.54 15.28 14.65 11.02 12.42 13.34 12.11
of which: Statutory social-security contributions 14.39 15.01 14.60 10.95 12.02 13.31 11.98
Collectively agreed, contractual and voluntary social-security contributions payable by the employer 0.15 0.28 0.04 0.07 0.41 0.03 0.13
Employers’ imputed social contributions 1.62 1.97 1.59 1.33 1.75 1.15 1.37
Other social expenses and benefits 1.88 6.00 0.58 0.80 1.93 0.89 0.96
Taxes regarded as labour costs 0.03 0.14 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.02
Vocational training costs 0.11 0.22 0.01 0.26 0.62 0.00 0.10
Other labour costs 0.20 0.25 0.04 0.19 0.02 0.00 0.01
STRUCTURE OF EMPLOYER'S LABOUR COSTS BY ECONOMIC ACTIVITY GROUPINGS IN 2016
(Continue and end)
%
Labour Costs components Total Economic activity
Administrative and support service activities Public administration and defence; compulsory social security Education Human health and social work activities Arts, entertainment and recreation Other service activities
Total 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
Wages and salaries costs 81.62 83.60 75.80 78.88 83.44 84.08 83.56
of which: Basic wages and salaries for days worked 58.16 64.53 54.07 45.05 46.96 60.39 68.56
Bonuses 8.36 8.38 6.41 7.29 10.22 10.17 3.65
Payments for days not worked 6.36 4.93 7.70 11.95 7.51 6.14 5.75
Additional remunerations according to the Labour Code, State Officials Act or other legislative acts 8.74 5.76 7.62 14.59 18.75 7.38 5.60
Employers' actual social contributions 14.54 13.98 20.42 16.32 14.33 13.67 14.85
of which: Statutory social-security contributions 14.39 13.89 20.42 16.30 14.32 13.65 14.76
Collectively agreed, contractual and voluntary social-security contributions payable by the employer 0.15 0.09 0.00 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.10
Employers’ imputed social contributions 1.62 1.39 2.05 3.10 1.52 1.57 0.96
Other social expenses and benefits 1.88 1.01 1.57 1.43 0.63 0.65 0.58
Taxes regarded as labour costs 0.03 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.02
Vocational training costs 0.11 0.01 0.10 0.13 0.02 0.00 0.02
Other labour costs 0.20 0.01 0.04 0.11 0.05 0.02 0.00
14.08.2018


Euro-SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Structural statistics on earnings and labour costs - Labour Cost Survey
Contact
Contact organisation

National Statistical Institute

Contact organisation unit

"Labour Statistics"  Department

Contact name

Todor Davidkov

Contact person function

Head of department

Contact mail address

2, P. Volov Str.; 1038 Sofia, Bulgaria

Contact email address

[email protected]

Contact phone number

+359 2 9857 568

Contact fax number
Metadata update
Metadata last certified14 August 2018
Metadata last posted14 August 2018
Metadata last update14 August 2018
Statistical presentation
Data description

The Labour Cost Survey is aimed to give detailed and comparable at European Union level information on distribution of employers' labour costs incurred on behalf of their employees.

Objects of the survey are: characteristics of employer (enterprise, local unit) - number of employees in the local unit, type of ownership, size of the enterprise, employees distribution by gender and mode of employment (full-time/part-time), paid days, wages and salaries costs, social security costs, employers' imputed social contributions, payments in kind, vocational training costs and other labour costs.

Classification system

· National Classification of Economic Activities (NCEA-2003, for international use NACE.BG 2003);

· Classification of Economic Activities (CEA-2008, for international use NACE.BG 2008).

Sector coverage

Covered are enterprises (local units) from all economic activities except "Agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing".

Statistical concepts and definitions

Employees are all persons who have a labour contract (fixed or permanent; full-time or part-time) with their employer by virtue of the Labour Code or the Civil Servants Act and who receive remuneration in cash or in kind for certain quality and quantity of work done.

Number of employees excludes:

  • Unpaid owners or directors or managers (who are paid by way of profit share or fee);
  • Members of the board of directors of the enterprise;
  • Persons wholly remunerated by way of fees, or commission;
  • Self-employed;
  • Unpaid family workers;
  • Voluntary workers;
  • Persons in maternity leave which do not receive remuneration from employer;
  • Persons in unpaid leave for more than six months;
  • Seasonal workers which are in unpaid leave during the off season.

Full-time employees are those whose regular working hours are the same as collectively agreed or customary hours worked in the observed local unit or for certain occupational groups.

Part-time employees (half-day, half-week, half-month) are those whose regular working hours (daily, weekly, monthly) is less then collectively agreed or customary hours for the observed local unit or occupational group.

Days worked - the total number of days worked by all employees under labour contract during the reference year. For a day worked is considered every day spent on work irrespective of the number of actual hours spent.

Days not worked but nevertheless paid by the employer - the number of days not worked due to annual holydays/vacation, absence due to sickness (if it is paid by the employer), public holydays and other paid but not work days.

Hour actually worked - the total number of hours worked by all employees during the year. Hours actually worked are defined as the sum of all periods spent on direct and ancillary activities to produce goods and services.

Total Labour Costs includes wages and salaries paid by the employer in cash or in kind, employers' actual and imputed social contribution, taxes regarded as labour costs, vocational training costs and other labour costs.

Gross annual wages and salaries are the remunerations paid regularly to the employees by the employers before the deduction of any tax and social security contributions payable by the employees and withheld by the employers.

Gross wages and salaries comprise of:

- basic wages and salaries for time worked or work done;

- payments for statutory, contractual or voluntary leave;

- payments for overtime;

- additional payments for shift work, extreme working conditions, length of service etc.;

- monthly, quarterly and annual bonuses.

Employers' statutory social-security contributions. These consist of payments made compulsory by law and payable by employers for the benefit of their employees to social-security institutions. They include contributions to insurance schemes for retirement pension, sickness, maternity and disability, to unemployment insurance schemes, to insurance schemes for occupational accidents and diseases etc.

Collectively agreed, contractual and voluntary social-security contributions payable by the employer - these are all contributions paid by the employer to social-security schemes which are supplementary to those which are compulsory by law. They include supplementary pension sickness and unemployment insurance schemes.

Employers' imputed social contributions these are payments made directly by employers to their employees or former employees without involving a social-security fund. Instead, the benefits are paid out of the own resources of the employers. Examples for such payments are: guaranteed remuneration in the event of sickness (for the first three days), payments to employees leaving the enterprise, payments made to employees on retirement etc.

Social expenses and benefits (payments in kind) - this variable refers to an estimate of the value of all goods and services made available to employees through the employer. It includes, meal vouchers, company products, staff housing, covering transport expenses between home and work place, company cars, etc.

Vocational training costs paid by the employer - these include: expenditure on vocational-training services and facilities small repairs and maintenance of buildings and installations, excluding staff costs; expenditure on participation in courses; the fees of instructors from outside the enterprise; expenditure on teaching aids and tools used for training; sums paid by the enterprise to vocational-training organizations, etc.

Other expenditure paid by the employer - this includes in particular: recruitment costs (these are the sums paid to recruitment agencies, expenditure on job advertisements in the press, travel expenses paid to candidates called for interview, installation allowances paid to newly recruited staff, and working clothes provided by the employer.

Statistical unit

The observation units are enterprises - companies, ministries, departments, political, religious, public and other organizations, that perform economical activities in Republic of Bulgaria during the reference year.

Statistical population

The labour costs statistics is based on the survey on the employees, wages and salaries and other labour costs, which is an exhaustive for all public and private sector enterprises irrespective of their economic activity and the legislation according to which they are founded.

Reference area

The whole country is covered.

Time coverage

2004, 2008, 2012, 2016

Base period

Not applicable.

Unit of measure

Numbers, percent, BGN

Reference period

Calendar year

Institutional mandate
Legal acts and other agreements

· Law on Statistics;

· National Statistical Programme;

· Council Regulation (EC) No 530/1999 of 9 March 1999 concerning structural statistics on earnings and on labour costs;

  • Commission Regulation (EC) No 1726/1999 of 27 July 1999 Implementing Council Regulation (EC) No 530/1999 concerning structural statistics on earnings and on labour costs as regards the definition and transmission of information on labour costs;

· Commission Regulation (EC) No 1737/2005 of 21 October 2005 amending Regulation (EC) No 1726/1999 as regards the definition and transmission of information on labour costs.

Data sharing

Not applicable.

Confidentiality
Confidentiality - policy

· Law on Statistics;

· Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2009 on European statistics (provision 24 and Article 20 (4)) (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the necessity to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.

Confidentiality - data treatment

Individual data are not disseminated following the rules set in Article 25 from the Law on Statistics. The dissemination of individual data is done only under Article 26 from the same law.

Release policy
Release calendar

The actual date of data publication is set in the National Statistical Institute Release Calendar.

Release calendar access

The calendar is available on the NSI website: http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/480

User access

The data are published on the NSI website, section Labour Market in accordance with the Law on Statistics and the European Statistics Code of Practice respecting the professional independence and aimed at objectivity, transparency and equal treatment of all consumers.

Frequency of dissemination

Every four years.

Accessibility and clarity
News release

Not applicable.

Publications
On-line database

Detailed results are available to all users of the NSI website under the heading Labour Market - Annual statistics on employment and labour cost - Labour Costs: http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/6463

Micro-data access

Access to anonymised micro-data can be granted for research and scientific purposes upon request and following the Rules for granting access to anonymised micro-data for scientific and research purposes set by NSI.

Other

Not applicable.

Documentation on methodology
Quality documentation
Quality management
Quality assurance

According to Article 2, point 3 from the Law on Statistics the statistical information shall be produced in compliance with the following criteria for quality: adequacy, accuracy, timeliness, punctuality, accessibility and clarity, comparability and logical consistency.

According to Article 10 from Council Regulation (EC) No 530/1999 of 9 March 1999 concerning structural statistics on earnings and on labour costs the national authorities shall ensure that the results reflect the true situation of the total population of units with a sufficient degree of representativity. The national authorities shall forward to Eurostat at its request after each reference period a report containing all relevant information relating to the implementation of the Regulation in the Member State concerned, to enable the quality of the statistics to be evaluated.

Quality assessment

According to Commission Regulation (EC) No 698/2006 of 5 May 2006 implementing Council Regulation (EC) No 530/1999 as regards quality evaluation of structural statistics on labour costs and earnings each Member State shall prepare a quality report for the labour cost survey 24 months after the reference period.

Relevance
User needs

The users groups are defined on the basis of the received data requests. They can be classified in the following main groups:

  • National authorities - ministries, agencies, councils, other government bodies and public institutions;
  • International organizations - Eurostat, ILO etc.
  • Social Partners - unions, employers' organizations;
  • Private organizations, enterprises, media;
  • Researchers and students.

Internal users: Structural Business Statistics, National Accounts.

User satisfaction

No information available.

Completeness

All mandatory variables according to the Commission Regulation (EC) No 1737/2005 are covered. As regards the size class of enterprise and economic activity coverage, the small enterprises (with less than 10 employees) are included in the survey as well all economic activities from NACE.BG 2008 section B to S.

Accuracy and reliability
Overall accuracy

The overall accuracy of the survey results depends of:

  • Survey tools. The statistical form for the survey is available in electronic and paper format. In 2008 the survey become part from Information system Business Statistics, which is on-line based allowing 24 hours data collection and incorporates logical and arithmetic controls visible immediately during the data entry;
  • Methods for errors identification and correction. The data processing goes through three main stages of validation: 1) data are validated while entered to control the plausibility of the inserted values and item non-response; 2) at regional level, the Regional Statistical Offices of NSI perform post-validation incl. checks for coverage, extreme and missing values; 3) at national level, the Head Office of NSI performs additional validation as well for coverage and completeness. Comparability is made with administrative and other sources.
Sampling error

Not applicable - the survey is exhaustive.

Non-sampling error

After the consolidation of regional databases into national one additional checks are done for identification of duplicate cases, which are deleted from the database.

Timeliness and punctuality
Timeliness

The survey results are published 18 months after the reference period.

Punctuality

The survey results are presented at the actual date set in the National Statistical Institute Release Calendar or with minimal delay.

Coherence and comparability
Comparability - geographical

The national and regional statistical data on employees, wages and salaries and labour costs are in compliance with the acting Classification of territorial units for statistical purposes in Bulgaria (NUTS).

Comparability - over time

The comparability over time is disturbed by the changes of the Classification of Economic Activities.

Coherence - cross domain

All indicators are internal coherent.

Coherence - internal

There are other statistical surveys that produce information on number of employees, wages and salaries and labour costs:

  • Quarterly survey on number of employees, time worked, wages and salaries and other labour costs - number of employees, wages and salaries, days and hours worked;
  • Labour Force Survey - number of employees, hours worked;
  • National Accounts - number of employees, hours worked, compensation of employees.

The results from Labour Cost Survey are relatively comparable with the above mentioned surveys due to the following main methodological differences: purpose of the survey; statistical unit, definition of variables, reference period, methods of data classification by economic activity, methods of data collection and calculation of weights.

  • Annual survey on Number of employees, wages and salaries and other labour costs - number of employees, wages and salaries, days and hours worked. The data are completely coherent as the min part of the labour cost survey variables are taken from this survey. Every four years additional variables are added to the annual survey in order to collect more detailed information on labour costs.
Cost and burden

No information is available for the respondents' burden.

Data revision
Data revision - policy

Not applicable.

Data revision - practice

Not applicable.

Statistical processing
Source data

The data source is the annual survey on Number of employees, wages and salaries and other labour costs as every four years additional variable are added to the survey to collect more detailed information on labour costs and comply with EU legislation in the field.

Frequency of data collection

Four-yearly

Data collection

The survey is exhaustive for all public and private sector enterprises.

Data validation

The data validation goes through three stages:

  • At the data entry;
  • At regional level by the NSI Regional Statistical Offices;
  • At national level by the NSI Head Office.
Data compilation

The data processing goes through the following stages:

  • On-line data entry;
  • Data validation;
  • Correction of errors and imputation of missing information using administrative sources;
  • Producing standardized output tables with main survey results.
Adjustment

Not applicable.

Comment
Metadata Structure Definition in SDMX 2.1: ESMS_MSD+BNSI+2.0+SDMX.2.1.xml
Metadata Structure Definition in SDMX 2.0: ESMS_MSD+BNSI+2.0+SDMX.2.0.xml


ESS Standard for Quality Reports Structure (ESQRS)

Structural statistics on earnings and labour costs - Labour Cost Survey
Contact
Contact organisation

National Statistical Institute

Contact organisation unit

"Labour Statistics"  Department

Contact name

Todor Davidkov

Contact person function

Head of department

Contact mail address

2, P. Volov Str.; 1038 Sofia, Bulgaria

Contact email address

[email protected]

Contact phone number

+359 2 9857 568

Contact fax number
Statistical presentation
Data description

The Labour Cost Survey is aimed to give detailed and comparable at European Union level information on distribution of employers' labour costs incurred on behalf of their employees.

Objects of the survey are: characteristics of employer (enterprise, local unit) - number of employees in the local unit, type of ownership, size of the enterprise, employees distribution by gender and mode of employment (full-time/part-time), paid days, wages and salaries costs, social security costs, employers' imputed social contributions, payments in kind, vocational training costs and other labour costs.

Classification system

· National Classification of Economic Activities (NCEA-2003, for international use NACE.BG 2003);

· Classification of Economic Activities (CEA-2008, for international use NACE.BG 2008).

Sector coverage

Covered are enterprises (local units) from all economic activities except "Agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing".

Statistical concepts and definitions

Employees are all persons who have a labour contract (fixed or permanent; full-time or part-time) with their employer by virtue of the Labour Code or the Civil Servants Act and who receive remuneration in cash or in kind for certain quality and quantity of work done.

Number of employees excludes:

  • Unpaid owners or directors or managers (who are paid by way of profit share or fee);
  • Members of the board of directors of the enterprise;
  • Persons wholly remunerated by way of fees, or commission;
  • Self-employed;
  • Unpaid family workers;
  • Voluntary workers;
  • Persons in maternity leave which do not receive remuneration from employer;
  • Persons in unpaid leave for more than six months;
  • Seasonal workers which are in unpaid leave during the off season.

Full-time employees are those whose regular working hours are the same as collectively agreed or customary hours worked in the observed local unit or for certain occupational groups.

Part-time employees (half-day, half-week, half-month) are those whose regular working hours (daily, weekly, monthly) is less then collectively agreed or customary hours for the observed local unit or occupational group.

Days worked - the total number of days worked by all employees under labour contract during the reference year. For a day worked is considered every day spent on work irrespective of the number of actual hours spent.

Days not worked but nevertheless paid by the employer - the number of days not worked due to annual holydays/vacation, absence due to sickness (if it is paid by the employer), public holydays and other paid but not work days.

Hour actually worked - the total number of hours worked by all employees during the year. Hours actually worked are defined as the sum of all periods spent on direct and ancillary activities to produce goods and services.

Total Labour Costs includes wages and salaries paid by the employer in cash or in kind, employers' actual and imputed social contribution, taxes regarded as labour costs, vocational training costs and other labour costs.

Gross annual wages and salaries are the remunerations paid regularly to the employees by the employers before the deduction of any tax and social security contributions payable by the employees and withheld by the employers.

Gross wages and salaries comprise of:

- basic wages and salaries for time worked or work done;

- payments for statutory, contractual or voluntary leave;

- payments for overtime;

- additional payments for shift work, extreme working conditions, length of service etc.;

- monthly, quarterly and annual bonuses.

Employers' statutory social-security contributions. These consist of payments made compulsory by law and payable by employers for the benefit of their employees to social-security institutions. They include contributions to insurance schemes for retirement pension, sickness, maternity and disability, to unemployment insurance schemes, to insurance schemes for occupational accidents and diseases etc.

Collectively agreed, contractual and voluntary social-security contributions payable by the employer - these are all contributions paid by the employer to social-security schemes which are supplementary to those which are compulsory by law. They include supplementary pension sickness and unemployment insurance schemes.

Employers' imputed social contributions these are payments made directly by employers to their employees or former employees without involving a social-security fund. Instead, the benefits are paid out of the own resources of the employers. Examples for such payments are: guaranteed remuneration in the event of sickness (for the first three days), payments to employees leaving the enterprise, payments made to employees on retirement etc.

Social expenses and benefits (payments in kind) - this variable refers to an estimate of the value of all goods and services made available to employees through the employer. It includes, meal vouchers, company products, staff housing, covering transport expenses between home and work place, company cars, etc.

Vocational training costs paid by the employer - these include: expenditure on vocational-training services and facilities small repairs and maintenance of buildings and installations, excluding staff costs; expenditure on participation in courses; the fees of instructors from outside the enterprise; expenditure on teaching aids and tools used for training; sums paid by the enterprise to vocational-training organizations, etc.

Other expenditure paid by the employer - this includes in particular: recruitment costs (these are the sums paid to recruitment agencies, expenditure on job advertisements in the press, travel expenses paid to candidates called for interview, installation allowances paid to newly recruited staff, and working clothes provided by the employer.

Statistical unit

The observation units are enterprises - companies, ministries, departments, political, religious, public and other organizations, that perform economical activities in Republic of Bulgaria during the reference year.

Statistical population

The labour costs statistics is based on the survey on the employees, wages and salaries and other labour costs, which is an exhaustive for all public and private sector enterprises irrespective of their economic activity and the legislation according to which they are founded.

Reference area

The whole country is covered.

Time coverage

2004, 2008, 2012, 2016

Base period

Not applicable.

Statistical processing
Source data

The data source is the annual survey on Number of employees, wages and salaries and other labour costs as every four years additional variable are added to the survey to collect more detailed information on labour costs and comply with EU legislation in the field.

Frequency of data collection

Four-yearly

Data collection

The survey is exhaustive for all public and private sector enterprises.

Data validation

The data validation goes through three stages:

  • At the data entry;
  • At regional level by the NSI Regional Statistical Offices;
  • At national level by the NSI Head Office.
Data compilation

The data processing goes through the following stages:

  • On-line data entry;
  • Data validation;
  • Correction of errors and imputation of missing information using administrative sources;
  • Producing standardized output tables with main survey results.
Adjustment

Not applicable.

Quality management
Quality assurance

According to Article 2, point 3 from the Law on Statistics the statistical information shall be produced in compliance with the following criteria for quality: adequacy, accuracy, timeliness, punctuality, accessibility and clarity, comparability and logical consistency.

According to Article 10 from Council Regulation (EC) No 530/1999 of 9 March 1999 concerning structural statistics on earnings and on labour costs the national authorities shall ensure that the results reflect the true situation of the total population of units with a sufficient degree of representativity. The national authorities shall forward to Eurostat at its request after each reference period a report containing all relevant information relating to the implementation of the Regulation in the Member State concerned, to enable the quality of the statistics to be evaluated.

Quality assessment

According to Commission Regulation (EC) No 698/2006 of 5 May 2006 implementing Council Regulation (EC) No 530/1999 as regards quality evaluation of structural statistics on labour costs and earnings each Member State shall prepare a quality report for the labour cost survey 24 months after the reference period.

Relevance
User needs

The users groups are defined on the basis of the received data requests. They can be classified in the following main groups:

  • National authorities - ministries, agencies, councils, other government bodies and public institutions;
  • International organizations - Eurostat, ILO etc.
  • Social Partners - unions, employers' organizations;
  • Private organizations, enterprises, media;
  • Researchers and students.

Internal users: Structural Business Statistics, National Accounts.

User satisfaction

No information available.

Completeness

All mandatory variables according to the Commission Regulation (EC) No 1737/2005 are covered. As regards the size class of enterprise and economic activity coverage, the small enterprises (with less than 10 employees) are included in the survey as well all economic activities from NACE.BG 2008 section B to S.

Data completeness - rate
Accuracy and reliability
Overall accuracy

The overall accuracy of the survey results depends of:

  • Survey tools. The statistical form for the survey is available in electronic and paper format. In 2008 the survey become part from Information system Business Statistics, which is on-line based allowing 24 hours data collection and incorporates logical and arithmetic controls visible immediately during the data entry;
  • Methods for errors identification and correction. The data processing goes through three main stages of validation: 1) data are validated while entered to control the plausibility of the inserted values and item non-response; 2) at regional level, the Regional Statistical Offices of NSI perform post-validation incl. checks for coverage, extreme and missing values; 3) at national level, the Head Office of NSI performs additional validation as well for coverage and completeness. Comparability is made with administrative and other sources.
Sampling error

Not applicable - the survey is exhaustive.

Sampling errors - indicators
Non-sampling error

After the consolidation of regional databases into national one additional checks are done for identification of duplicate cases, which are deleted from the database.

Coverage error
Over-coverage - rate
Common units - proportion
Measurement error
Non response error
Unit non-response - rate
Item non-response - rate
Processing error
Imputation - rate
Model assumption error
Seasonal adjustment
Data revision - policy

Not applicable.

Data revision - practice

Not applicable.

Data revision - average size
Timeliness and punctuality
Timeliness

The survey results are published 18 months after the reference period.

Time lag - first results
Time lag - final results
Punctuality

The survey results are presented at the actual date set in the National Statistical Institute Release Calendar or with minimal delay.

Punctuality - delivery and publication
Coherence and comparability
Comparability - geographical

The national and regional statistical data on employees, wages and salaries and labour costs are in compliance with the acting Classification of territorial units for statistical purposes in Bulgaria (NUTS).

Asymmetry for mirror flows statistics - coefficient
Comparability - over time

The comparability over time is disturbed by the changes of the Classification of Economic Activities.

Length of comparable time series
Coherence - cross domain

All indicators are internal coherent.

Coherence - sub annual and annual statistics
Coherence - National Accounts
Coherence - internal

There are other statistical surveys that produce information on number of employees, wages and salaries and labour costs:

  • Quarterly survey on number of employees, time worked, wages and salaries and other labour costs - number of employees, wages and salaries, days and hours worked;
  • Labour Force Survey - number of employees, hours worked;
  • National Accounts - number of employees, hours worked, compensation of employees.

The results from Labour Cost Survey are relatively comparable with the above mentioned surveys due to the following main methodological differences: purpose of the survey; statistical unit, definition of variables, reference period, methods of data classification by economic activity, methods of data collection and calculation of weights.

  • Annual survey on Number of employees, wages and salaries and other labour costs - number of employees, wages and salaries, days and hours worked. The data are completely coherent as the min part of the labour cost survey variables are taken from this survey. Every four years additional variables are added to the annual survey in order to collect more detailed information on labour costs.
Accessibility and clarity
News release

Not applicable.

Publications
On-line database

Detailed results are available to all users of the NSI website under the heading Labour Market - Annual statistics on employment and labour cost - Labour Costs: http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/6463

Data tables - consultations
Micro-data access

Access to anonymised micro-data can be granted for research and scientific purposes upon request and following the Rules for granting access to anonymised micro-data for scientific and research purposes set by NSI.

Other

Not applicable.

Metadata - consultations
Documentation on methodology
Metadata completeness – rate
Quality documentation
Cost and burden

No information is available for the respondents' burden.

Confidentiality
Confidentiality - policy

· Law on Statistics;

· Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2009 on European statistics (provision 24 and Article 20 (4)) (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the necessity to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.

Confidentiality – data treatment

Individual data are not disseminated following the rules set in Article 25 from the Law on Statistics. The dissemination of individual data is done only under Article 26 from the same law.

Comment
Metadata Structure Definition in SDMX 2.1: ESQRS_MSD+BNSI+2.0+SDMX.2.1.xml
Metadata Structure Definition in SDMX 2.0: ESQRS_MSD+BNSI+2.0+SDMX.2.0.xml

Pages

  • Employment and Unemployment - annual data 2008
    Employment and Unemployment - annual data 2008
    The National Statistical Institute annual edition Employment and Unemployment – annual data 2008 is available to the users of statistical information.
    The bilingual (Bulgarian-English) publication presents annual average data from the Labour Force Survey. The survey is a sample statistical survey on households for examination of the economic activity of the population aged 15 years and over.
    The methodology of the survey has been developed according to ILO and Eurostat recommendations.
    The publication contains:
  • Main Short-Term Indicators, vol. 1/2009
    Main Short-Term Indicators, vol. 1/2009
    The National Statistical Institute has the pleasure to submit to the attention of users of statistical information the first recently published issue of a new quarterly bilingual (Bulgarian/English) publication ‘Main Short-Term Indicators’. The publication is available as a printed edition and on CD-ROM.
  • Labour Force Survey
    Labour Force Survey
  • Statistical Yearbook 2008
    Statistical Yearbook 2008
    The National Statistical Institute has the pleasure to submit to the attention of national and foreign users of statistical information the 76th edition of the Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Bulgaria 2008. It provides topical statistical information on the demographic, economic and social development of the country for the 2002 - 2007 period in different territorial and classification aggregations and breakdowns.
  • Employment and Unemployment No. 4/2008
    The National Statistical Institute presents the electronic bulletin Employment and Unemployment - 4/2008 to its users.
    The bulletin is a quarterly electronic publication of the National Statistical Institute, presenting the results from the Labour force survey. The Labour force survey is a sample statistical survey on households for examination of the economic activity of the population aged 15 years and over.
    The methodology of the survey has been developed according to ILO and Eurostat recommendations.
     
  • Structure of Earnings 2006
    Structure of Earnings 2006
  • Employment and Unemployment No. 3/2008
    The National Statistical Institute presents the electronic bulletin Employment and Unemployment - 3/2008 to its users.
    The bulletin is a quarterly electronic publication of the National Statistical Institute, presenting the results from the Labour force survey. The Labour force survey is a sample statistical survey on households for examination of the economic activity of the population aged 15 years and over.
    The methodology of the survey has been developed according to ILO and Eurostat recommendations.
     
  • Employment and Unemployment No. 2/2008
    The National Statistical Institute presents the electronic bulletin Employment and Unemployment - 2/2008 to its users.
    The bulletin is a quarterly electronic publication of the National Statistical Institute, presenting the results from the Labour force survey. The Labour force survey is a sample statistical survey on households for examination of the economic activity of the population aged 15 years and over.
    The methodology of the survey has been developed according to ILO and Eurostat recommendations.
     
  • Employment and Unemployment No. 1/2008
    The National Statistical Institute presents to the users of statistical information the electronic publication Employment and Unemployment - 1/2008.
    The issue is a quarterly electronic publication of the National Statistical Institute, presenting the results from the Labour Force Survey. The Labour Force Survey is a sample statistical survey on households for examination of the economic activity of the population aged 15 years and over.
    The methodology of the survey has been developed according to ILO and Eurostat recommendations.
  • Statistical Reference Book of the Republic of Bulgaria 2008
    Statistical Reference Book of the Republic of Bulgaria 2008
    The National Statistical Institute presents to users of statistical information one of its main publications - Statistical Reference Book of the Republic of Bulgaria 2008 in English. It is a concise form of the same issue in Bulgarian.
    The Statistical Reference Book presents topical information on the demographic processes as well as the economic, social and cultural development of the Republic of Bulgaria for the 2004 - 2007 period.

Pages