|Statistical regions /
|North-West region||10 693|
|North Central region||10 974|
|-Veliko Tarnovo||10 529|
|North-East region||12 062|
|South-East region||11 724|
|-Stara Zagora||13 190|
|South-West region||17 186|
|-Sofia cap.||19 026|
|South Central region||11 059|
Statistical regions; district
National Statistical Institute
|Contact organisation unit|
"Labour Statistics" Department
|Contact person function|
Head of department
|Contact mail address|
2, P. Volov Str.; 1038 Sofia, Bulgaria
|Contact email address|
|Contact phone number|
+359 2 9857 568
|Contact fax number|
|Metadata last certified||08 August 2014|
|Metadata last posted||08 August 2014|
|Metadata last update||30 March 2017|
The data are collected from enterprises and organizations that perform economic activity in Republic of Bulgaria. Sources of information are: pay-roll sheets, presence and absence sheets, labour or non-labour contracts, management contracts, letters of appointment or discharge, applications for paid or unpaid leaves etc.
· National Classification of Economic Activities (NCEA-2003, for international use NACE.BG 2003);
· Classification of Economic Activities (CEA-2008, for international use NACE.BG 2008);
· Unified Classification of Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units (UCATTU);
· Classification of territorial units for statistical purposes in Bulgaria (NUTS).
· National Classification of Occupations and Duties (comparable with ISCO08).
Covered are enterprises (local units) from all economic activities irrespective of their type of ownership and source of financing.
|Statistical concepts and definitions|
Employees are all persons who have a labour contract (fixed or permanent; full-time or part-time) with their employer by virtue of the Labour Code or the Civil Servants Act and who receive remuneration in cash or in kind for certain quality and quantity of work done.
The average annual number of employees is the arithmetic mean value of the average monthly number of employees. The average monthly number of employees is the arithmetic mean value of the daily number of employees (sum of the daily number of employees divided by the number of days for the reference month). Part-time employees are converted into full-time equivalents.
Gross annual wages and salaries are the remunerations paid regularly to the employees by the employers before the deduction of any tax and social security contributions payable by the employees and withheld by the employers. Gross wages and salaries comprise of: basic wages and salaries for time worked or work done; payments for statutory, contractual or voluntary leave; payments for overtime, shift work, extreme working conditions, length of service; monthly, quarterly and annual bonuses. The average annual wages and salaries are calculated through dividing the total amount of wages and salaries costs accrued during the reference year by the average annual number of employees under labour contract excluding those on maternity leave.
Inflows and outflows - number of employees hired and dismissed during the reference year.
Total Labour Costs includes wages and salaries paid by the employer in cash or in kind, employers' actual and imputed social contribution plus taxes regarded as labour costs.
The observation units are enterprises - companies, ministries, departments, political, religious, public and other organizations, that perform economical activities in Republic of Bulgaria during the reference year.
The annual statistics on employees and labour costs is based on the survey on the employees, wages and salaries and other labour costs, which is an exhaustive for all public and private sector enterprises irrespective of their economic activity and the legislation according to which they are founded.
The whole country is covered.
2000 - 2015
|Unit of measure|
· Employees - average annual number;
· Average wages and salaries - BGN;
· Inflows and Outflows - number;
· Labour Costs - BGN.
|Legal acts and other agreements|
· Law on Statistics;
· National Statistical Programme.
|Confidentiality - policy|
· Law on Statistics;
· Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2009 on European statistics (provision 24 and Article 20 (4)) (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the necessity to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.
|Confidentiality - data treatment|
Individual data are not disseminated following the rules set in Article 25 from the Law on Statistics. The dissemination of individual data is done only under Article 26 from the same law.
The actual date of data publication is set in the National Statistical Institute Release Calendar.
|Release calendar access|
The calendar is available on the NSI website: http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/480
The data are published on the NSI website, section Labour Market in accordance with the Law on Statistics and the European Statistics Code of Practice respecting the professional independence and aimed at objectivity, transparency and equal treatment of all consumers.
|Frequency of dissemination|
|Accessibility and clarity|
Detailed results are published on the NSI website, section Labour Market Section - Annual statistics on employment and labour cost: http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/6429
Information System INFOSTAT https://infostat.nsi.bg/infostat/pages/module.jsf?x_2=79
Access to anonymised micro-data can be granted for research and scientific purposes upon request and following the Rules for granting access to anonymised micro-data for scientific and research purposes set by NSI.
More detailed data, not published on the NSI website can be prepared upon users' request according to the NSI Regulation for dissemination of statistical products and services.
|Documentation on methodology|
Methodological paper for the calculation of the average number of employees in full-time equivalents.
According to Article 2, point 3 from the Law on Statistics the statistical information shall be produced in compliance with the following criteria for quality: adequacy, accuracy, timeliness, punctuality, accessibility and clarity, comparability and logical consistency.
The users groups are defined on the basis of the received data requests. They can be classified in the following main groups:
Internal users: Structural Business Statistics, National Accounts.
No information available.
The data refer to the whole country and all economic activities.
|Accuracy and reliability|
The overall accuracy of the survey results depends of:
· Survey tools. The statistical form for the survey is available in electronic and paper format. In 2008 the survey become part from Information system Business Statistics, which is on-line based allowing 24 hours data collection and incorporates logical and arithmetic controls visible immediately during the data entry;
· Methods for errors identification and correction. The data processing goes through three main stages of validation: 1) data are validated while entered to control the plausibility of the inserted values and item non-response; 2) at regional level, the Regional Statistical Offices of NSI perform post-validation incl. checks for coverage, extreme and missing values; 3) at national level, the Head Office of NSI performs additional validation as well for coverage and completeness. Comparability is made with administrative and other sources.
Not applicable - the survey is exhaustive.
|Timeliness and punctuality|
The survey results are published 11 months after the reference period.
The survey results are presented at the actual date set in the National Statistical Institute Release Calendar.
Preliminary annual estimates for number of employees and average wages and salaries are published as well from the quarterly sample survey on Number of employees, time worked, wages and salaries and other labour costs.
|Coherence and comparability|
|Comparability - geographical|
The national and regional statistical data on employees and wages and salaries are in compliance with the acting Classification of territorial units for statistical purposes in Bulgaria (NUTS).
|Comparability - over time|
The comparability over time is disturbed by the changes of the Classification of Economic Activities. Up to 2007 NACE.BG 2003 was in force, since 2008 NACE.BG 2008 was implemented, which resulted in break of the time series for number of employees and wages and salaries.
|Coherence - cross domain|
All indicators are internal coherent.
|Coherence - internal|
Coherence of the employment data between the Labour Force Survey (LFS) and the survey on Number of employees, wages and salaries and other labour costs
The main difference between the both sources is due to the fact that the survey on Number of employees, wages and salaries and other labour costs collects information on the persons which have an employment contract according to the Labour Code or Civil Servants Act, while Labour Force Survey covers employees working by other type of contract or without any contract, as well the self-employed (working proprietors, own account works and unpaid family workers). LFS includes armed forces, but excludes persons on leave for raising a child up to two years of age.
Methodological differences such as: sampling unit, reference period, methods of data classification by economic activity, regional distribution (working place/ residence) etc. are potential reason for data discrepancies as well.
|Cost and burden|
No information is available for the respondents' burden.
|Data revision - policy|
|Data revision - practice|
The data source is the annual survey on Number of employees, wages and salaries and other labour costs.
The data source for the preliminary results is the quarterly sample survey on the Number of employees, time worked, wages and salaries and other labour costs.
|Frequency of data collection|
The survey is exhaustive for all public and private sector enterprises.
The data validation goes through three stages:
The data processing goes through the following stages:
Friday, 9 August 2013 - 11:00
According to the preliminary data of the National Statistical Institute (NSI) at the end of June 2013 the number of employees under labour contract increased by 3.4% as compared to the end of March 2013 and reached 2.31 millions. In the second quarter of 2013 in comparison with the first quarter of 2013 the average monthly wages and salaries increased by 2.7% getting 799 Levs.
Tuesday, 18 June 2013 - 11:00
Preliminary data of NSI for the First Quarter of 2013 indicated that total hourly labour cost rose by 4.7% compared to the First Quarter of 2012.
Wednesday, 15 May 2013 - 11:00
In the first quarter of 2013 the employment rate of population aged 15 - 64 was 57.7%, or by 0.8 percentage points above the level registered during the first quarter of the 2012. For the same period the unemployment rate increased by 0.9 percentage points and in the first quarter of 2013 was 13.8%.
Friday, 10 May 2013 - 11:00
According to the preliminary data of the National Statistical Institute (NSI) at the end of March 2013 the number of employees under labour contract decreased by 0.5% as compared to the end of December 2012 and reached 2.23 millions. In the first quarter of 2013 in comparison with the fourth quarter of 2012 the average monthly wages and salaries decreased by 3.1% getting 778 Levs.
Tuesday, 19 March 2013 - 11:00
Preliminary data of NSI for the Fourth Quarter of 2012 indicated that total hourly labour cost rose by 5.1% compared to the Fourth Quarter of 2011.
Friday, 15 March 2013 - 11:00
In 2012 the employment rate (15 - 64) was 58.8%, by 0.4 percentage points higher in comparison with 2011. Over the same period the unemployment rate increased by 1.0 percentage point to 12.3%.
Thursday, 14 February 2013 - 11:00
In the fourth quarter of 2012 the employment rate for population aged 15 - 64 was 59.4% (by 0.8 percentage points higher than in the fourth quarter of 2011). For the same period the unemployment rate went up by 1.0 percentage point to 12.4%.
Tuesday, 12 February 2013 - 11:00
According to the preliminary data of the National Statistical Institute (NSI) at the end of December 2012 the number of employees under labour contract decreased by 2.0% as compared to the end of September 2012 and reached 2.09 million. In the fourth quarter of 2012 in comparison with the third quarter of 2012 the average monthly wages and salaries increased by 4.6% getting 789 Levs.
Thursday, 20 December 2012 - 11:00
Preliminary data of NSI for the Third Quarter of 2012 indicated that total hourly labour cost rose by 5.9% compared to the Third Quarter of 2011.
Wednesday, 21 November 2012 - 11:00
In the third quarter of 2012 the employment rate for population aged 15 - 64 was 60.6% (by 0.8 percentage points higher than in the third quarter of 2011). For the same period the unemployment rate went up by 1.3 percentage points to 11.5%.
Key Indicators for Bulgaria (as of 02.04.2010)
Key Indicators for Bulgaria (as of 30.12.2009)
Employment and Unemployment No. 2/2009
The bulletin Employment and Unemployment No. 2/2009 is a quarterly electronic publication of the National Statistical Institute, presenting the results from the Labour Force Survey. The Labour force survey is a sample statistical survey on households for examination of the economic activity of the population aged 15 years and over.The methodology of the survey has been developed according to ILO and Eurostat recommendations.The publication contains:
Statistical Reference Book 2009
The National Statistical Institute presents to users of statistical information the annual publication - Statistical Reference Book 2009 in English. It is a concise form of the same issue in Bulgarian.The issue is with a new design and enrich contents. For the first time are included methodological and analytic notes towards all chapters. The information is illustrated with a rich graphic materials.
Main Short-Term Indicators, vol. 2/2009
The National Statistical Institute presents to the users of statistical information the second recently published issue of a quarterly bilingual (Bulgarian/English) publication Main Short-Term Indicators. The publication is available as a printed edition and electronic version on CD-ROM.The publication contains up-to-date information concerning the situation and the development of the material sphere in short-term aspect by branches: industry, construction, trade, transport and other services as well as tourism, labour market and investment.
Key Indicators for Bulgaria (as of 30.09.2009)
Employment and Unemployment No. 1/2009
The bulletin Employment and Unemployment No. 1/2009 is a quarterly electronic publication of the National Statistical Institute, presenting the results from the Labour Force Survey. The Labour force survey is a sample statistical survey on households for examination of the economic activity of the population aged 15 years and over.The methodology of the survey has been developed according to ILO and Eurostat recommendations.The publication contains:
Employment and Unemployment - annual data 2008
The National Statistical Institute annual edition Employment and Unemployment – annual data 2008 is available to the users of statistical information.The bilingual (Bulgarian-English) publication presents annual average data from the Labour Force Survey. The survey is a sample statistical survey on households for examination of the economic activity of the population aged 15 years and over.The methodology of the survey has been developed according to ILO and Eurostat recommendations.The publication contains:
Main Short-Term Indicators, vol. 1/2009
The National Statistical Institute has the pleasure to submit to the attention of users of statistical information the first recently published issue of a new quarterly bilingual (Bulgarian/English) publication ‘Main Short-Term Indicators’. The publication is available as a printed edition and on CD-ROM.
Labour Force Survey