Average prices and purchased quantities of main food and non-foods by households

INCOME, EXPENDITURE AND CONSUMPTION OF HOUSEHOLDS - Average prices and purchased quantities of main foods and non-foods by households
Contact organisation

National Statistical Institute

Contact organisation unit

"Statistics on Living Conditions" Department

Contact name

Irina Tosheva

Contact person function

State Expert

Contact mail address

2, P. Volov Str.; 1038 Sofia, Bulgaria

Contact email address

[email protected]

Contact phone number

+359 2 9857 612

Contact fax number
Metadata update
Metadata last certified04 November 2020
Metadata last posted04 November 2020
Metadata last update04 November 2020
Statistical presentation
Data description

The variables Average prices and Purchased quantities of main foods and non-foods are estimated based on the information from HBS. The households purchases irrespectively the place of occurrence are used for calculation of the average prices. The purchased quantities foods are computed average per households and the purchased non-foods - average per 100 households.

Classification system

· Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose (COICOP);

· Classification on household income;

· International Standart Classification of Education, version 1997 (ISCED 2011);

· National Classification of Occupations and Duties-2011 (NCOD-2011);

· Classification of Economic Activities (CEA-2008, for international use NACE.BG-2008).

Sector coverage

The Household Budget Survey is a sample survey by implementation of two stage cluster. The general population from which the sample for the survey is formed comprises all the households in the country. Institutional households are not studied by the household budget survey. The unit of observation is every randomly chosen ordinary household irrespective of the number of members and their material and personal status. The sample size for the 2002 - 2009 period is 3000 households and since 2010 - 3060 households each quarter.

Statistical concepts and definitions

The average price of every good is the average value between cost and quantity. The households purchase goods from shops, markets, private persons, because of that the average prices, computed according the data from the HBS, differ considerably from the average consumer prices which are derived on the basis of the survey of a sample of retail shops in selected areas with a precisely defined nomenclature of goods.

The purchased quantities of foods are computed average per household and the purchased non-foods - average per 100 households. The indices of prices measure the average relative change of prices with a structure of goods purchased during the base period.

Statistical unit


Statistical population

The purposive aggregate in the HBS are all ordinary households and their members reside in the territory of the country at the moment of the survey. Persons who live in institutional households are excluded from the aggregate.

Reference area

For the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria.

Time coverage

2004 – 2019 yearly data.

Base period

Not applicable.

Unit of measure

BGN, kg; ton, litre; number; cubic metre; pair, metre, kWh.

Reference period

Year, quarter

Institutional mandate
Legal acts and other agreements

Gentlemen agreement with Eurostat.

Data sharing

Not applicable.

Confidentiality - policy

· Law on Statistics;

· Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.

Confidentiality - data treatment

Individual data are not published in accordance with article 25 of the Law on Statistics. The publishing of individual data can be performed only in accordance with article 26 of the same law.

Release policy
Release calendar

In April of the year following the reference year for the annual data.

Release calendar access

The calendar is available on the NSI website: http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/480

User access

Data is published on the NSI website, section Households Income, Expenditure and Consumption in accordance with the Law on Statistics and the European Statistics Code of Practice respecting the professional independence and aimed at objectivity, transparency and equal treatment of all consumers. 

Frequency of dissemination


Accessibility and clarity
News release

News release for publication „Average prices and purchased quantities of main foods and non-foods by households“.


Publication „Average prices and purchased quantities of main foods and non-foods by households“.

The publication contains data on the average prices and purchased quantities foods and non-foods by households by years and by quarters. The information from the survey of household budgets is used and because of that these average prices differ from the consumer prices published by the NSI. The purchased quantities foods are computed average per household and the purchased non-foods - average per 100 households. Published are also data on the purchasing power of households calculated by means of total and monetary income, as well as the changes in the purchasing power.

On-line database

Detailed results on Average prices and purchased quantities of main foods and non-foods by households are available to all users of the NSI website under the heading Households Income, Expenditure and Consumption - Average prices and purchased quantities of main food and non-foods by households: http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/5718 and in the INFOSTAT Information system https://infostat.nsi.bg/infostat/pages/module.jsf?x_2=143.

Micro-data access

Not applicable.


Information service on request, according to the Rules for the dissemination of statistical products and services in NSI.

Documentation on methodology

Methodological notes about calculation of the average prices and purchased quantities goods by the households

Quality documentation

Not applicable.

Quality management
Quality assurance

Through checking on field work and control of the thoroughness of the records in the diaries.

Quality assessment

Data are accompanied with quality reports analyzing the accuracy, coherence and comparability of the data.

User needs

The data of the average prices and purchased quantities goods is of interest to a wide number of users - state authorities, public and international organizations (Eurostat, OUN, ILO, etc), students and others.

User satisfaction

No user' satisfaction surveys are carried out.


Not applicable.

Accuracy and reliability
Overall accuracy

As with any other sample survey, HBS may be burdened with errors due to sampling and other relating to the inability to be interviewed some of the units in the sample, as well as the errors taking place at the stage of data recording, data processing, etc.

Sampling error

The data are burdened with a certain stochastic error due to the sample character of the survey.

Non-sampling error

Like any statistical survey and household budget survey may contain non-sampling errors that arise at different stages of the study and which cannot be completely eliminated.

Such errors are basically:

  • coverage errors
  • measurement errors that occur at the time of data collection 
  • processing errors
  • non-response errors


In order to reduce non-sampling errors:
  • update of the household lists for each of the first stage selection census enumeration areas;
  • development of a clear research methodology, ongoing updating of data coding systems;
  • using interviewers with experience in collecting, controlling, encoding and inputting data;
  • conducting regular training seminars for the interviewers;
  • assistance to the interviewers of the survey team at NSI;
  • data control at the collection, input, and processing stage.
Timeliness and punctuality

Annual data are published in April of the year following the reference year.


The deadlines are observed: for yearly data - four months after the accounting year.

Coherence and comparability
Comparability - geographical

Not applicable.

Comparability - over time

Long time series.

Coherence - cross domain

Household expenditure survey is in accordance with the following surveys: Consumer Price Indices, National Accounts, Purchasing Power Parity.

Coherence - internal
Cost and burden

Every household receive 20 BGN per month of participation. It takes part in the survey 4 months per year, average 2-3 hour per month.

Data revision
Data revision - policy

Not applicable.

Data revision - practice

Not applicable.

Statistical processing
Source data

The general population from which the sample for the survey is formed comprises all the ordinary households in the country.

When forming the sample a two stage cluster’s sampling on a territorial principle is implemented as follows:

  • at the first stage the clusters are selected (enumeration areas from the last Census);
  • at the second stage the households to be surveyed are identified.

Up to 2009 the selection of territorial units is done with a probability proportional to their size. Since 2010 non-proportional selection has applied in order to produce more accurate sample data in the small regions where the minimum quarter size of the sample include no less 72 households at the expense of decrease of the number of households in the large regions - Sofia (stolitsa), Plovdiv and Varna.

In the selected enumeration areas (clusters) lists of the household are prepared and they are arranged into ascending order, depending on the number of persons. This indicator has a close correlation with the surveyed indicators - income, expenditure, and consumption per capita. 6 households from these lists are chosen from each cluster with a selection step.

Since 2010 the sample size has been 3 060 households divided in three sub-samples each containing 1 020 households. Each sub-sample is surveyed one month per quarter by application of the method of rotation sample. Each household participates in the survey four months during the 12-month period.

The household budget survey applies the principle of the voluntary participation of households which had randomly come into the sample. Every randomly selected household which is not willing or is not able to cooperate is replaced with another from the same cluster and with the same number of members.

Main documents of the Household Budget Survey are:

  • Household dairy;
  • Three questionnaires.
Frequency of data collection

Monthly to 2009 and quarterly since 2010.  

Data collection

Derivative indicators are calculated on the bases of primary data from HBS.

Data validation

Logical control of data is happened at the time when the information is introduced.

Data compilation

The data are calculated by means of specialized software on a PC.


Not applicable.

Metadata Structure Definition in SDMX 2.1: ESMS_MSD+BNSI+2.0+SDMX.2.1.xml
Metadata Structure Definition in SDMX 2.0: ESMS_MSD+BNSI+2.0+SDMX.2.0.xml
  • Food
  • Non-food goods
  • Tuesday, 14 December 2010 - 11:00

    Bulgaria falls among the countries with the highest percentage of persons at risk of poverty in the EU together with Latvia, Romania, Greece, Lithuania, Spain and Estonia.

  • Wednesday, 24 November 2010 - 11:00

    The average quarterly total income average per household member during the third quarter of 2010 is 932 Levs or by 2.2% less compared to the same quarter of 2009. The main part of this income (80.7%) is received from wages and salaries and pensions. The tendency of increase in pensions persists in similar terms as noted in comparative analyses from past periods. A nominal decrease in wages is registered.

  • Tuesday, 5 October 2010 - 11:00

    The average quarterly total income average per household member during the second quarter of 2010 is 906 Levs or 0.9% less compared to the same quarter of 2009. The main part of this income (95.2%) is received from wages and salaries, pensions, social benefits, family allowances and entrepreneurship. The rest income (4.8%) is received from sale of property and miscellaneous.