GDP by Production approach – Total of economy

Economic sectors and economic activity groupings
(NACE rev. 2)
А10 Gross Value Added
current prices previous year prices at average 2010 prices* Volume index** (previous year=100)
(million levs) (million levs) (million levs) (%)
Agriculture, forestry and fishing A 3 937 4 068 3 314 98.9
Mining and quarrying; manufacturing; electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities B_E 21 642 21 484 17 009 100.8
Construction F 3 996 3 752 4 317 104.0
Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles; transportation and storage; accommodation and food service activities G_I 21 129 19 764 15 984 102.0
Information and communication J 5 753 5 511 4 669 103.0
Financial and insurance activities K 6 390 6 231 5 717 106.7
Real estate activities L 9 770 9 640 10 249 109.3
Professional, scientific and technical activities; administrative and support service activities M_N 5 645 5 452 4 390 102.8
Public administration and defence; compulsory social security; education; human health and social work activities O_Q 13 217 12 382 9 353 103.5
Arts, entertainment and recreation, repair of household goods and other services R_U 2 033 1 955 1 780 101.1
Total Economic А+...+U 93 513 90 240 76 770 103.0
Adjustments (taxes less subsidies on products)   14 412 13 916 13 063 103.8
Gross Domestic Product   107 925 104 156 89 777 103.1

* Data are calculated according the annual overlap technique. Aggregates are non additive.
** The volume indices are calculated based on the values of the corresponding indicator at constant prices of 2010.
*** Preliminary data
Gross Domestic Product - production approach - Total of economy - GDP
Contact organisation

National Statistical Institute

Contact organisation unit

"Non-Financial National Accounts"

Contact name

Milen Kolev

Contact person function

Head of department

Contact mail address

2 P. Volov Str., Sofia 1038

Contact email address

[email protected]

Contact phone number

+359 2 9857 623

Contact fax number
Metadata update
Metadata last certified07 March 2019
Metadata last posted07 March 2019
Metadata last update07 March 2019
Statistical presentation
Data description

National accounts for Bulgaria compiled according to the main methodological recommendations of the documents "System of National Accounts, 2008" (SNA 2008), an issue of EUROSTAT, IMF, OECD, UN and the World Bank, and European System of Accounts, 2010 (ESA2010), an issue of EUROSTAT.

Main macroeconomic indicators of the system of national accounts are the gross domestic product (GDP).

GDP by production method characterized the outcome of economic activity and is measured by the value added created during the production of goods and services by resident units within the economic territory of the country.

Classification system

· Classification of Economic Activities (CEA-2008, for international use NACE.BG-2008);

· Classification of Products by Economic Activities (CPEA-2008, for international use CPA.BG-2008);

· Nomenclature of Industrial Production (PRODCOM.BG);

· Classification of Individual Consumption According to Purpose (COICOP);

· Classification of the Functions of Government (COFOG);

· Classification of the Purposes of Non-Profit Institutions Serving Households (COPNI);

· Combined Nomenclature.

Sector coverage

Total economy

Statistical concepts and definitions

From the production side, GDP at market prices is calculated as a sum of the gross value added at basic prices for the economy as a whole and the adjustments. The latter includes net taxes on products, non-deductible VAT and import duties.

Gross output (at basic prices) is the value of goods and services produced as a result of the production activity of resident units in three months. It can be a market and non-market.

Market is the output that is sold or realized otherwise market or is intended for sale or exchange in future periods at prices significantly affect the market demand and supply and cover the costs of producing goods and services. This output is calculated as the sum of:

· Net proceeds from sales (less the book value of goods sold);

· Cost of acquisition of fixed assets by economic means;

· Change in inventories of finished goods and work in progress.

As a result of the price changes the value of inventories of finished goods and work in progress accumulate so-called holding gains / losses. To eliminate its influence, the value of gross output is adjusted for holding gains / losses.

Is a non-market production, which is not intended for sale or other market conditions. It includes goods and services produced and used for their own final consumption or capital or provided for individual or collective consumption free of charge or at not economically significant prices.

This production is estimated as the sum of all current expenses (materials for outside services, labor, social security, etc.) used to produce it

Intermediate consumption includes the value of all goods and services, transformed or entirely consumed in the production process during the period, excluding consumption of fixed assets recorded as consumption of fixed capital (depreciation).

Intermediate consumption is valued at purchasers' prices (buyer) and consists of:

· goods and services, transformed or entirely consumed in the production process;

· goods and services used by employees to mandatory or carrying out their work;

· tools and small equipment;

· Cost of repair and maintenance;

· payments for outsourced research services, staff training, market research, advertising, postal, telegraph and telephone services rents, subscriptions and more.

Statistical unit

Institutional unit under ESA 2010 - enterprise, household, public institution

Statistical population

Economic territory of the country.

Reference area


Time coverage

1995 - 2018

Base period


Unit of measure

Million BGN

Reference period


Institutional mandate
Legal acts and other agreements


Data sharing

Eurostat program to provide data on national accounts, the IMF, the UN

Confidentiality - policy

· Law on Statistics;

· Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.

Confidentiality - data treatment
Release policy
Release calendar

The date for publication of statistical information is listed in the Calendar presenting the results of the statistical surveys of NSI. Statistical information is published annually: 9 months after the reporting period.

Release calendar access

The calendar is available on the NSI website:

User access

Data is published on the NSI website, section Macroeconomic statistics - Gross Domestic Product in accordance with the Law on Statistics and the European Statistics Code of Practice respecting the professional independence and aimed at objectivity, transparency and equal treatment of all consumers.

Frequency of dissemination


Accessibility and clarity
News release

Press release


· Publication "Main Macroeconomic Indicators";

· Statistical Yearbook;

· Statistical Reference book;

· Electronic publication.

On-line database

Data are available to all users of the NSI website under the heading Macroeconomic statistics - Gross Domestic Product - Annual data - GDP by Production approach - Total of economy:

Micro-data access

Not applicable.

Documentation on methodology

European system of accounts (ESA 2010)

Quality documentation
Quality management
Quality assurance

· European Statistics Code of Practice;

· Common framework for quality management in the National Statistical System.

Quality assessment

Monitoring of Eurostat data quality in the field of national accounts - report description of sources and methods for the development of GDP, GNI / validation procedures / Questionnaire on the implementation of the principles of the European Statistics Code of Practice.

User needs
User satisfaction
Accuracy and reliability
Overall accuracy
Sampling error
Non-sampling error
Timeliness and punctuality
  • The annual estimates - the sum of estimates of quarterly data - T +65 days after the reporting period;
  • Updated annual data - T +9 months after the reporting period;

· Final data - balance sheets "Resource-Use" - T +3 years.

Coherence and comparability
Comparability - geographical
Comparability - over time
Coherence - cross domain

Additional information on other indicators in national accounts is available in other subject areas related to national accounts.

Coherence - internal
Cost and burden
Data revision
Data revision - policy

In practice, the system of national accounts, there are two main types of revisions beyond the scope and content of the methods of seasonal adjustment. The first type of audits is ongoing, regular characterized by the presence of new or updated statistical information based on statistical surveys or administrative sources. The second type of revisions is related to a change in the methodology and calculation procedures for specific statistical indicators.

Data revision - practice

In line with Eurostat to provide data on national accounts and the National Statistical Programme of Bulgaria , GDP data are developed in the following intervals:

  • Quarterly estimates:

- Flash estimates of GDP - T +42-43 days after the reporting period

- Current quarterly estimates of GDP - T +65 days after the reporting period

  • The annual estimates - the sum of estimates of quarterly data - T +65 days after the reporting period
  • Updated annual data - T +9 months after the reporting period

· Final data - balance sheets " Resource - Use" - T +3 years

Statistical processing
Source data

Sources of data are statistical surveys, annual accounts of economic units and administrative data:

  • Income and expenses, including statistical annexes;
  • Report on production and sales of industrial production;
  • Revenues of construction enterprises by types of construction;
  • Sales of retail outlets by product groups;
  • National energy balance;
  • Natural - value balance about 130 product groups consumed during the production activity of enterprises and divisions;
  • Economic accounts for agriculture and natural - balance value of agricultural production;
  • Annual statistical report on employees and wages and salary;
  • Sample observations for the statistical description of the economic behavior of specific actors in the institutional framework of the economic system:

- Observations of household budgets;

- Observations of the situation and business statistics;

- Observations on private farms;

  • Annual accounts:

- Annual report of non-financial corporations;

- Annual report of non-profit organizations;

- Annual report of banking institutions;

- Annual report of insurance companies and pension funds;

- Annual report of other financial intermediaries;

  • Administrative data and balance sheet developments:

- Consolidated reports on implementation of the state budget;

- Customs information;

- Tax Information;

- Balance of Payments.

Frequency of data collection


Data collection

Exhaustively on an annual basis

Data validation

Implementation of validated procedures for assessing data quality.

Data compilation

Implementation of validated procedures for assessing the quality of data and the development of estimation of the completeness of the data.

Metadata Structure Definition in SDMX 2.1: ESMS_MSD+BNSI+2.0+SDMX.2.1.xml
Metadata Structure Definition in SDMX 2.0: ESMS_MSD+BNSI+2.0+SDMX.2.0.xml