In August 2016 the total business climate indicator remains approximately to its July level. An improvement of the business conjuncture is registered in industry and service sector, while a reduction of the indicator is observed in construction and retail trade.
National Statistical Institute
|Contact organisation unit|
Statistics on Tourism and Business surveys Department
|Contact person function|
|Contact mail address|
2, P. Volov Str., 1038 Sofia, Bulgaria
|Contact email address|
|Contact phone number|
+359 2 9857 628
|Contact fax number|
|Metadata last certified||27 July 2020|
|Metadata last posted||27 July 2020|
|Metadata last update||27 July 2020|
The consumer survey contains standardized questions about the financial situation of households, general economic situation in the country, inflation, unemployment, saving, intentions of making major purchases on durable goods or purchasing/building a home or buying a car. The proposed options of answers give an opportunity to arrange them from optimistic, through neutral to pessimistic. The survey results are used to capture the direction of change of observed variables incl. "the consumer confidence level", which gives an opportunity to analyze the tendencies in the development of public opinions on significant economic phenomena in the country.
Respondents are categorized by 5 criteria: income, economic activity, education, age and gender.
The object of the survey are the persons aged 16 and over in Republic of Bulgsria. The sample method is random, clustered, and proportional to the population by regions, incl. urban/rural inhabitants.
|Statistical concepts and definitions|
The consumer confidence indicator is an arithmetic mean of the balances of the expectations about the development over the next 12 months of the: financial situation of households, general economic situation in the country, savings and unemployment, as the last is taken with a negative sign.
The proposed answer options are presented in a five-point category scale. The obtained results are in the form of balances, which are calculated as the difference between the relative shares of positive and the relative shares of negative opinions with the following feature: strongly positive and strongly negative opinion is given coefficient 1, and for the more moderately positive and more moderately negative opinions - coefficient 0.5.
Units of observation are households and their members.
Reference population of the survey - the permanent population of the Republic of Bulgaria aged 16 years and more.
Total for the territory of Republic of Bulgaria.
Time series of data are published from 2001 (at Information System INFOSTAT of the National Statistical Institute).
|Unit of measure|
Balance and percentage.
|Legal acts and other agreements|
The indicators are provided to state institutions in accordance with the requirements of concluded agreements.
|Confidentiality - policy|
The confidentiality of the individual data of interviewed persons in the consumer survey is guaranteed by:
|Confidentiality - data treatment|
Individual data from the survey are not published in accordance with article 25 of the Law on Statistics. The publishing of individual data can be performed only in accordance with article 26 of the Law on Statistics and Rules for provision of anonymized individual data for scientific and research purposes (http://www.nsi.bg/bg/node/575).
The date of publication of statistical information is indicated in the Release Calendar presenting the results of the statistical surveys carried out by the National Statistical Institute. The data are announced in the first week after the reference period.
|Release calendar access|
The calendar is available on the NSI website: http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/488
Consumer surveys data are published on the NSI website, section "Business Statistics" - "Business Surveys" in accordance with the Law on Statistics (Chapter 5) and the European Statistics Code of Practice respecting the professional independence and aimed at objectivity, transparency and equal treatment of all consumers.
The access to the results of the statistical surveys of all users and equality of their rights are regulated in the Rules for dissemination of statistical products and services of the National Statistical Institute.
|Frequency of dissemination|
|Accessibility and clarity|
NSI publishes regular press releases "Consumer survey" in the first week after the reference period.
Analytical publication "Bulgaria 2011 - statistical panorama".
Quarterly Consumer survey results are available in the informational system for online statistical queries INFOSTAT: Topic "Business Statistics", Subtopics "Business Surveys": https://infostat.nsi.bg/infostat/pages/module.jsf?x_2=33.
Information services on request, according to the Rules for dissemination of statistical products and services by the NSI http://www.nsi.bg/bg/node/564/.
|Documentation on methodology|
Manual to the Joint harmonized EU programme of business and consumer surveys.
The applied statistical practice of providing data is according to the harmonized European Union programme for business and consumer surveys.
It is performed according to the standard criteria for quality assessment - applicability, accuracy and reliability, timeliness, comparability and coherence.
Main users of the data are national and international organizations and institutions.
The users' satisfaction survey is not carried out.
Consumer survey in the Republic of Bulgaria covers all mandatory variables, according to the general harmonized program of the European Union.
|Accuracy and reliability|
The sample used for the survey is two-stage cluster sample The sample size is 1232 persons aged 16 years and over for each quarter. Due to the sampling approach used in the survey, results are subject of errors which attributable to sample, as well as other errors relating to the inability to be interviewed some of the units in the sample, error in registration of responses, processing, and others.
The survey is a sample and calculates the coefficient of variation, standard error or confidence interval.
Like any statistical survey and consumer survey may contain non-sampling errors that arise at different stages of the study.
Such errors are basically:
In order to reduce non-sampling errors:
|Timeliness and punctuality|
The NSI presents information about survey in the first week after the reference period.
The data are disseminated according to the planned schedule.
|Coherence and comparability|
|Comparability - geographical|
The data are prepared at national level.
|Comparability - over time|
The data in the time series are comparable over time.
|Coherence - cross domain|
|Coherence - internal|
|Cost and burden|
|Data revision - policy|
|Data revision - practice|
Main data source are questionnaires.
|Frequency of data collection|
The data are collected using a questionnaire by conducting a personal interview with the households included in the sample, and with all persons aged 16 years and over - members of the household.
Data validation is performed at two levels:
The data processing is performed by developed application software.
- Consumer survey
Monday, 29 August 2016 - 11:00
Friday, 5 August 2016 - 11:00
In July 2016 the total consumer confidence indicator decreases by 0.6 percentage points compared to April which is due to the decreased confidence among the urban inhabitants. The level of the indicator for the rural population remains unchanged.
Thursday, 28 July 2016 - 11:00
In July 2016 the total business climate indicator decreases by 0.9 percentage points compared to previous month. More unfavourable business climate is registered in service sector, while in industry and retail trade - remains approximately to its June level. Only in construction the business conjuncture is improved.
Tuesday, 28 June 2016 - 11:00
In June 2016 the total business climate indicator increases by 0.9 percentage points compared to May as a result of the improved business climate in industry, retail trade and service sector.
Monday, 30 May 2016 - 11:00
In May 2016 the total business climate indicator increases by 5.0 percentage points in comparison with the previous month which is due to the improved business climate in all observed sectors - industry, construction, retail trade and service sector.
Tuesday, 10 May 2016 - 11:20
In April 2016 the total consumer confidence indicator increases by 1.8 percentage points compared to its January level as for the urban population the increase is 1.6 percentage points and for the rural population - 2.0 percentage points.
Thursday, 28 April 2016 - 11:00
In April 2016 the total business climate indicator decreases by 3.3 percentage points in comparison with the previous month as a result of the more unfavourable business climate in industry.
Friday, 15 April 2016 - 11:00
According to the latest data, in 2015 the expenditures for acquiring fixed tangible and intangible assets in industry are by 24.2% less in comparison with 2014. In 2016 the industrial enterprises plan to decrease investments by 4.2% compared to 2015.
Tuesday, 29 March 2016 - 11:00
In March 2016 the total business climate indicator increases by 1.6 percentage points compared to the previous month which is due to the more favourable managers’ opinions in industry, construction and retail trade.
Monday, 29 February 2016 - 11:00
In February 2016 the total business climate indicator increases by 0.5 percentage points compared to the previous month a result of the more favourable business climate in industry, retail trade and service sector.