In February 2020, the total business climate indicator decreases by 0.8 percentage points compared to the previous month as a result of the more unfavourable business climate in retail trade and service sector.
National Statistical Institute
|Contact organisation unit|
Statistics on Tourism and Business surveys Department
|Contact person function|
|Contact mail address|
2, P. Volov Str., 1038 Sofia, Bulgaria
|Contact email address|
|Contact phone number|
+359 2 9857 628
|Contact fax number|
|Metadata last certified||18 September 2017|
|Metadata last posted||18 September 2017|
|Metadata last update||18 September 2017|
The consumer survey contains standardized questions about the financial situation of households, general economic situation, inflation, unemployment, saving, intentions of making major purchases on durable goods or purchasing/building a home or buying a car. The proposed options of answers give an opportunity to arrange them from optimistic, through neutral to pessimistic. The survey results are used to capture the direction of change of observed variables incl. "the consumer confidence level", which gives an opportunity to analyze the tendencies in the development of public opinions on significant economic phenomena in the country.
The respondents are categorized according to 5 criteria: income, occupation, education, age and sex.
The object of the survey is the persons aged 16 and over; the sample method is random, clustered, and proportional to the population by regions, incl. urban/rural inhabitants (154 clusters with 8 persons per cluster).
|Statistical concepts and definitions|
The consumer confidence indicator is an arithmetic mean of the balances of the expectations about the development over the next 12 months of the financial situation of households, general economic situation, savings and unemployment, as the last is taken with a negative sign.
The replies to the questions are presented in a five-option ordinal scale. The results are in the form of balances which are the difference between the relative shares of the positive and the relative shares of the negative answering options, as there is one specification: the very positive and the very negative answering options are given a coefficient of 1, and the more moderate positive and negative options - a coefficient of 0.5.
Households and their members.
Reference population of the survey - the permanent population of Bulgaria aged 16 years and more.
Total for the territory of Republic of Bulgaria.
Time series of data are published from 2001 (at Information System INFOSTAT of the National Statistical Institute).
|Unit of measure|
Balance, per cent.
|Legal acts and other agreements|
Joint harmonised EU programme of business and consumer surveys.
Manual to the Joint harmonised EU programme of business and consumer surveys.
|Confidentiality - policy|
|Confidentiality - data treatment|
Individual data are not published in accordance with article 25 of the Law on Statistics. The publishing of individual data can be performed only in accordance with article 26 of the same law.
The date of publication of statistical information is indicated in the Release Calendar presenting the results of the statistical surveys carried out by the National Statistical Institute. The data are announced in the first week after the reference period.
|Release calendar access|
The calendar is available on the NSI website: http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/480
Consumer surveys data are published on the NSI website, section Business statistics - Business Surveys in accordance with the Law on Statistics (Chapter 5) and the European Statistics Code of Practice respecting the professional independence and aimed at objectivity, transparency and equal treatment of all consumers.
|Frequency of dissemination|
|Accessibility and clarity|
NSI publishes regular press releases "Consumer survey" in the first week after the reference period.
Analytical publication "Bulgaria 2011 - statistical panorama"
Data on Consumer survey are available to all users of the NSI website under the heading Business statistics - Business Surveys - Consumer survey: http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/4385
|Documentation on methodology|
Manual to the Joint harmonised EU programme of business and consumer surveys: https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/bcs_user_guide_en_0.pdf
Main users of the data are national and international organizations and institutions.
The users' satisfaction survey is not carried out.
|Accuracy and reliability|
In sample surveys may be mistakes in the registration of answers, processing, and others.
|Timeliness and punctuality|
The NSI presents information about survey in the first week after the reference period.
The data are disseminated according to the planned schedule.
|Coherence and comparability|
|Comparability - geographical|
The data are prepared at national level.
|Comparability - over time|
The time series data are comparable.
|Coherence - cross domain|
|Coherence - internal|
|Cost and burden|
|Data revision - policy|
|Data revision - practice|
Main data source are questionnaires.
|Frequency of data collection|
The data are collected using a questionnaire by conducting a personal interview with the households included in the sample, and with all persons aged 16 years and over - members of the household.
In introducing and recording data obligatory control is performed according to set validation rules. If the information given in a questionnaire does not meet the requirements of validation are appear the error messages on user's screen. Performed and verify as regards the output data.
The data processing is performed by developed application software.
- Consumer survey
Friday, 28 February 2020 - 11:00
Friday, 7 February 2020 - 11:00
In January 2020, the total consumer confidence indicator decreases by 0.5 percentage points in comparison with its October 2019 level, which is due entirely to the decreased confidence among the urban population.
Thursday, 30 January 2020 - 11:00
In January 2020, the total business climate indicator increases by 1.4 percentage points in comparison with December 2019, which is due to the improved business conjuncture in industry.
Monday, 30 December 2019 - 11:00
In December 2019, the total business climate indicator increases by 0.9 percentage points compared to the previous month as a result of the indicators’ improvement in industry, construction and service sector.
Friday, 29 November 2019 - 11:00
In November 2019, the total business climate indicator increases by 1.2 percentage points in comparison with October which is due to the improved conjuncture in construction and retail trade.
Thursday, 14 November 2019 - 11:00
The investment business inquiry of NSI carried out among industrial enterprises in October 2019 shows that the entrepreneurs expect the investments in the current year to be with 10.5% less in comparison with the previous 2018. The forecasts over 2020 are for a decrease of the volume of investments in industry by 9.1% compared to 2019.
Friday, 8 November 2019 - 11:00
In October 2019, the total consumer confidence indicator increases by 1.1 percentage points in comparison with July, as for the urban population the increase is 1.0 percentage point and for the rural population - 1.6 percentage points.
Tuesday, 29 October 2019 - 11:00
In October 2019, the total business climate indicator decreases by 1.4 percentage points compared to the previous month as a result of the more unfavourable conjuncture in industry, construction and retail trade.
Monday, 30 September 2019 - 11:00
In September 2019, the total business climate indicator preserves its level from the previous month. An improvement of the indicator is observed in construction, retail trade and service sector, as only in industry a reduction is reported.
Thursday, 29 August 2019 - 11:00
In August 2019, the business conjuncture in the country is assessed as unfavourable. The total business climate indicator decreases by 3.1 percentage points compared to its July level as reduction of the indicator is registered in all observed sectors - industry, construction, retail trade and services.