Rent/lease of agricultural land


Average prices of contracts for renting/lease of agricultural land
Contact
Contact organisation

National Statistical Institute

Contact organisation unit

Agricultural and Forestry Accounts and Prices Department

Contact name

Girgina Nikolova

Krasimira Tsonkovska

Contact person function

Head of Department

Chief Expert

Contact mail address

2, P.Volov Str., 1038 Sofia, Bulgaria

Contact email address
Contact phone number
+359 2 9857-646;
+359 2 9857-465
Contact fax number

-

Metadata update
Metadata last certified08 May 2018
Metadata last posted08 May 2018
Metadata last update08 May 2018
Statistical presentation
Data description

The National Statistical Institute of Bulgaria has provided Eurostat with annual data on the prices of agricultural land transactions and rent payment in agriculture since 2000. The grant in 2011 aimed at the development of comparable statistical data according to the Target Methodology and envisaged to set up the improved national data collection system and to ensure data quality by introducing new tools for data collection and data checks in order to meet users' needs and access to the data. The three years period for observation (2010, 2011 and 2012) has been selected, moreover the 2012 information was collected on the quarterly bases. After the completion of the project, the NSI continued to develop this statistical information and providing data to Eurostat on a regular basis.

Within the survey data for the next variables are collected:

• Number of contracts for land lease - total and by land use categories, at national and regional level

• Total land lease by the observed unit in the reference period - total and by land use categories, at national and regional level

• Renting price per unit of area - total and by land use categories, at national and regional level

Classification system

For data compilation next classifications are used:

• Classification of Territorial units for Statistics in Bulgaria (NUTS)

• Classification of observed Land use categories

• Classification of Economic Activities in Bulgaria (NACE, Rev. 2)

• National Register of Populated places in Bulgaria

Sector coverage

Data on the rental price of agricultural land are collected from two groups of respondents:

• Agricultural holdings, (only juridical persons), renting agricultural land for development of their economic activity (NACE code 01)

• Land transactions companies established according to the National legislation specially to carry out operations (purchase, sale and rental) of agricultural land (NACE code 6810 and 6820)

Only those contracts for renting of agricultural land where its purpose for agricultural production is not changed are taken into account.

Statistical concepts and definitions

1. Definition of the price of rent in agriculture

Rents correspond to payments made to the owner of land in return for him making assets available to another physical person/legal person/legal entity. In practice, this means the actual rent price agreed upon by the transactors including the value of related levies/taxes and including payments in kind4 valuated at the current year price. No distinction is made taking into consideration the duration of the renting contract/agreement and the time for contracting. Therefore, all rents for land (even if the land is rented for more than one year) should be taken into account for the calculation of average rent. The rental price of agricultural land should:

• exclude the entitlements related to the land;

• exclude deductible VAT;

• exclude the rentals of buildings or dwellings situated on it and any other expenses related to other assets except the agricultural land (current maintenance expenditure on buildings, buildings insurance, depreciation of buildings, rents paid for the professional use of nonresidential buildings etc.).

2. Observed land use categories

• Arable land - land worked (ploughed or tilled) regularly, generally under a system of crop rotation (as defined for the latest Farm Structure Survey).

• irrigable arable land – arable land area which could, if necessary, be irrigated in the reference year using the equipment and the quantity of water normally accessible

• non-irrigable arable land - arable land area which cannot be irrigated due to the lack of access to water for irrigation

• Permanent grassland - land used permanently (for five years or more) to grow herbaceous forage crops, through cultivation (sown) or naturally (self-seeded) and which is not included in crop rotation

According to the agricultural Census 2010 the irrigable land represented 2.5% of the total UAA in Bulgaria and thus in compliance with the Common Methodology the breakdown of the average price of land transactions by two subcategories of arable land (the irrigable and non-irrigable) was not carried out.

Statistical unit

1. Reporting units:

Data on the sale price of agricultural land are collected from three main groups of respondents operating on the agricultural land market:

• Agricultural holdings, (only juridical persons), buying agricultural land for development of their economic activity (NACE code 01)

• Land transactions companies established according to the National legislation specially to carry out operations (purchase, sale and rental) of agricultural land (NACE code 6810 and 6820)

2. Observation unit

The observation unit is the price of 1 decar of agricultural land or rented. Prices per unit of rented agricultural land in National Currency

Statistical population

The statistical population of the agricultural holdings is defined on the base of information of Annual Report of Agricultural holdings were data on rental payments is collected.

For the Land transactions companies the statistical population is defined on the base of information on reported value of changes in the fixed assets during the calendar year in the Annual Report of Consolidated Annual Activity Report of Specialized Investment Firms.

Reference area

The survey covers the entire territory of the country.

Time coverage

2010 onwards

The data from 2010 onwards meet the requirements of the Eurostat Common Methodology.

Base period

Not applicable.

Unit of measure

BGN per 1 decar leased agricultural land

Number of contracts for lease of agricultural land

Decars for the size of leased agricultural land

In order to meet the requirements of the Eurostat Common Methodology, prices are then recalculated in BGN per hectare

Reference period

Calendar year

Institutional mandate
Legal acts and other agreements

• Common EU Methodology on Agricultural Land prices and rents

• ESS-net agreement between Eurostat and members states

• National Low on Statistics

• National Statistical Programme

Data sharing

Data from the survey are included in Agreements for data exchange and strategic partnership between the National Statistical Institute and other bodies. Data to Eurostat are supplied according to ESS-net agreement.

Confidentiality
Confidentiality - policy

• Law on Statistics: http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/218/;

• Regulation (EC) 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20 (4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p 164) foresee that for that purpose it is necessary to establish common principles and guidelines, ensuring data confidentiality of data used for production of European Statistics and access to those confidential data with account for technical developments and requirements of users in democratic society.

http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:087:0164:0173:EN:PDF

Confidentiality - data treatment

Individual data shall not be published, observing art. 25 of the Law on Statistics. The dissemination of individual data is made only under Art. 26 of the Law on Statistics.

Problems with the confidentiality of data arise at lower geographic levels and for smaller categories of land (orchards and vineyards), where in some cases there are separate transactions or renting of agricultural land. In this case, the data is aggregated at the higher geographic level.

Release policy
Release calendar

The schedule for dissemination of statistical information from the survey on agricultural land prices and rents is published in the Release Calendar presenting the results of the statistical surveys carried out by the NSI.

Release calendar access

The calendar is available on the NSI website: http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/480

User access

Data are published in compliance with the Chapter 5 of the Law on Statistics and European Statistics Code of Practice, considering professional independence and with aim of impartiality and transparency, where all users are treated equal.

Frequency of dissemination

Annual.

Accessibility and clarity
News release

Press release is regularly published on the website of the National Statistical Institute at the end of April, year n+1 in Bulgarian and English together with data dissemination.

The press release can be accessed at http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/11617/?qt-statistical_domain_en=4

Publications

Data are regularly published on the website of the National Statistical Institute at the end of April, year n+1 in Bulgarian and English in the domain Statistical data/Agriculture and Forestry/Agriculture.

On-line database

IS INFOSTAT.

The on-line data base can be accessed at NIS website.

http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/11617

Micro-data access

Not applicable.

Other

Not applicable.

Documentation on methodology

• The Common Methodology on agricultural land prices and rents

The Common Methodology can be accessed at:

http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/11617/?qt-statistical_domain_en=2

Quality documentation

Quality report is not available.

Quality management
Quality assurance

The methods and procedures for the calculation of data are periodically described and their compliance with the Eurostat Common Methodology is documented.

During the meetings of the Agricultural Accounts and Prices Working Group, questions of methodological nature are discussed and examples of good data development practices are presented.

Quality assessment

Overall, the quality of the data can be considered good.

Relevance
User needs

The main user of data is the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry. Data are also provided to the business and to citizens.

The national user's needs were taking into account by providing the information on three more land use categories and by land productivity categories.

User satisfaction

The survey of user’s satisfaction is not conducted.

Completeness

All required data sets, including data at regional level are reported to Eurostat. Data on irrigated and non-irrigated land are not compiled as far non-irrigated land is below as percentage of total agricultural land as the Common Methodology requires.

Accuracy and reliability
Overall accuracy

The accuracy of data is achieved by ensuring a satisfactory range in the selection of respondents, development of reliable statistical tools, including IT environment for data collection, data control and data editing through elimination of extreme values and methodological instructions for survey implementation.

Sampling error

Not applicable.

Non-sampling error

Non-response rate is calculated.

Timeliness and punctuality
Timeliness

Data on the renting price of agricultural land are published four months after the end of the reporting period.

Punctuality

No delays have been made with regard to deadlines for sending Eurostat data and to timetable in the Calendar for submission of the results of statistical surveys conducted by the NSI.

Coherence and comparability
Comparability - geographical

The data are geographically comparable for the entire period for which they are available.

Comparability - over time

The data are comparable for the whole period for which they are available.

Coherence - cross domain

Comparison is made with Farm Structure Survey (Agricultural Census) data by comparing estimated area during the structural survey at regional and national level with data on rented land area for the observed land use categories.

The coherence with other statistical domains is not investigated.

Coherence - internal

The internal coherence of data is ensured by using the same definitions, classifications, and methods of observation.

Cost and burden

The budget (financial resources) needed for the implementation of survey is published in the National Statistical Program on the NSI website. In order to reduce the burden on respondents, an electronic off-line questionnaire containing logical controls is used.

As the main measure of the workload of respondents, the time needed to complete the statistical forms is used. Each questionnaire includes a section that respondents need to complete. The time required to complete the form also includes time for data preparation. On the basis of this information, the response burden can be considered relatively high.

Data revision
Data revision - policy

According to the established policy, data revisions are made when the methodology, the classifications and definitions used are changed.

Data revision - practice

Revision of the data is not foreseen.

The Fam Structure Surveys are carried out over a certain period of time (usually three years) and as far as land data are used as weights for weighing agricultural land prices and rents, for some of the years in the period it is necessary to recalculate the average prices, once the data on the areas by category of land are available.

Statistical processing
Source data

Direct observation trough implementation of statistical survey.

Frequency of data collection

Annual.

The National Statistical Institute of Bulgaria has provided Eurostat with annual data on the prices of agricultural land transactions since 2000.

Data collection

The data are collected via an electronic offline questionnaire, which is sent to the respondent by e-mail. The questionnaire is also available on the NSI's website, where it can be downloaded from the respondents or experts from the Regional Offices, for subsequent filling in the required information. After filling in the data by the respondent, the questionnaire is returned by e-mail to a special address of the Regional Statistical Office, in the territory in which it operates. Each regional statistical office is responsible for collecting information from respondents on its territory. Experts at the Regional Offices are required to review the completeness and correctness of information received from respondents. Errors discovered are communicated to the respondents and are required to send correct information from them.

Data validation

The validation of data in the process of statistical processing is done by means of specially developed software. The development of the software is in accordance with a technical assignment written by the responsible experts for conducting the statistical survey. The validation of the data is done at two levels: at the regional level - by the experts in RSOs and nationally - by the NSI experts.

Data compilation

Data processing is done using software specifically developed for this purpose. The development of the software is in accordance with a technical assignment written by the responsible experts for conducting the statistical survey. The data processing is done at two levels: regional - in RSOs and national - at NSI.

At the regional level, the process involves checking data, editing data, validating data, and forming a regional database.

At national level, the process involves checking of regional data, editing data, validating data, forming a national database, and tabulation (automatically produced tables containing aggregated data on the number of contracts for renting of agricultural land, size of rented agricultural land and weighted average renting prices broken down by land use categories and geographical levels.

Adjustment

Not applicable.

Comment

-

Metadata Structure Definition in SDMX 2.1: ESMS_MSD+BNSI+2.0+SDMX.2.1.xml
Metadata Structure Definition in SDMX 2.0: ESMS_MSD+BNSI+2.0+SDMX.2.0.xml
  • Thursday, 15 August 2019 - 11:00

    The producer price index in agriculture in the second quarter of 2019 increased by 5.3% in comparison with the same quarter of 2018. The crop output index increased by 5.8%, as well as the animal output index - by 4.6%. In comparison with previous year the prices of agricultural output went up by 4.1% due to the increase in crop output price index - by 4.9% and in animal output price index - by 3.0%.

    The index of prices of goods and services currently consumed in agriculture in the second quarter of 2019 was by 3.1% higher compared to the same quarter of previous year and by 2.5% compared to 2018.

  • Wednesday, 12 June 2019 - 11:00

    The average price per one decar agricultural land reached BGN 941 in 2018, which was 7.9% higher than in 2017. The average rent price per one decar hired/leased agricultural land reached BGN 48 and was 4.3% higher than in 2017.

  • Wednesday, 15 May 2019 - 11:00

    The producer price index in agriculture in the first quarter of 2019 increased by 5.4% in comparison with the same quarter of 2018. The crop output index increased by 7.1%, as well the animal output index - by 2.0%. In comparison with previous year the prices of agricultural output went up by 5.3% due to the increase in crop output price index - by 5.8% and in animal output price index - by 4.2%.

    The index of prices of goods and services currently consumed in agriculture in the first quarter of 2019 was by 1.8% higher compared to the same quarter of previous year and by 0.6% higher compared to 2018.

  • Friday, 15 February 2019 - 11:00

    The producer price index in agriculture in the fourth quarter of 2018 increased by 2.9% in comparison with the same quarter of 2017. The crop output index increased by 4.5%, while the prices of animal output went down - by 4.0%. In comparison with previous year the prices of agricultural output went down by 1.8% as result of the drop down of the prices in crop output - by 1.4% and in animal output - by 3.3%

    The index of prices of goods and services currently consumed in agriculture in the fourth quarter of 2018 increased by 3.6% compared to the same quarter of previous year and by 3.8% compared to 2017.

  • Wednesday, 19 December 2018 - 11:00

    According to the first estimate of Economic Accounts for Agriculture the final output at basic prices in 2018 amounted to 8 077.2 million BGN, which was by 2% lower than in previous year. The decrease was mainly due to drop in the volumes - by 3.1%.

    Gross value added at basic prices produced in agriculture in 2018 was estimated at 3 404.7 million BGN and was by 9.5% lower than in 2017. The decrease was due to fall in the prices - by 1.2%, and in the volumes - by 8.4%.

  • Tuesday, 27 November 2018 - 11:00

    The producer price index in agriculture in the third quarter of 2018 increased by 6.6% in comparison with the same quarter of 2017. The crop output index increased by 7.7%, as well as the animal output index - by 0.1%. In comparison with previous year the prices of agricultural output went up by 1.7% due to the increase in crop output price index - by 2.7% and decrease in animal output price index - by 3.7%.

    The index of prices of goods and services currently consumed in agriculture in the third quarter of 2018 was by 4.0% higher compared to the same quarter of previous year and by 4.7% compared to 2017.

  • Friday, 24 August 2018 - 11:00

    The producer price index in agriculture in the second quarter of 2018 decreased by 5.8% in comparison with the same quarter of 2017. The crop output index decreased by 8.5%, as well as the animal output index - by 2.3%. In comparison with previous year the prices of agricultural output went down by 2.9% due to the decrease in crop output price index - by 1.9% and in animal output price index - by 4.2%.

    The index of prices of goods and services currently consumed in agriculture in the second quarter of 2018 was by 1.9% higher compared to the same quarter of previous year and by 2.3% compared to 2017.

  • Tuesday, 29 May 2018 - 11:00

    The producer price index in agriculture in the first quarter of 2018 decreased by 7.4% in comparison with the same quarter of 2017. The crop output index decreased by 11.2%, as well the animal output index - by 1.2%. In comparison with previous year the prices of agricultural output went down by 1.5% due to the decrease in crop output price index - by 3.1% and increase in animal output price index - by 1.2%.

    The index of prices of goods and services currently consumed in agriculture in the first quarter of 2018 was by 0.6% higher compared to the same quarter of previous year and by 0.8% compared to 2017.

  • Tuesday, 24 April 2018 - 11:00

    The average price per one decar agricultural land reached BGN 872 in 2017, which was 14.6% higher than in 2016. The average rent price per one decar hired/leased agricultural land reached BGN 46 and was 4.5% higher than in 2016.

  • Tuesday, 27 February 2018 - 11:00

    The producer price index in agriculture in the fourth quarter of 2017 decreased by 4.7% in comparison with the same quarter of 2016. The crop output index decreased by 7.5%, while the prices of animal output went up - by 8.9%. In comparison with previous year the prices of agricultural output went down by 5.1% as result of the drop down of the prices in crop output - by 8.4% and rise up in animal output - by 7.5%

    The index of prices of goods and services currently consumed in agriculture in the fourth quarter of 2017 increased by 2.0% compared to the same quarter of previous year and by 1.7% compared to 2016.

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