Government budget appropriations or outlays on R&D - Government budget appropriations or outlays on R&D
National Statistical Institute
|Contact organisation unit|
Science, Innovation and Information Society Department
|Contact person function|
|Contact mail address|
2, P. Volov Str., 1038 Sofia, Bulgaria
|Contact email address|
|Contact phone number|
+359 2 9857 103
|Contact fax number|
The statistical survey on Government budget allocations for R&D (GBARD) provides internationally comparable information about government support to R&D activities.
Nomenclature for the analysis and comparison of scientific programmes and budgets (NABS 2007).
GBARD covers government-financed R&D performed not only in national teritory as well as abroad. Annual membership dues in the budget of international scientific organisations as well as payments from the budget related to the participation of Bulgaria in bilateral and multilateral research programs are also treated as government budget allocations for R&D.
|Statistical concepts and definitions|
The indicator Government budget allocations for R&D (GBARD) include both current costs and capital expenditure on R&D. According to the purpose of the R&D programme or project GBARD are distributed to the socio-economic objectives on the basis of the Nomenclature of analysis and comparison of scientific programs and budgets (NABS 2007).
Ministries and other central government bodies (R&D funding organizations).
The statistical survey on GBARD is exhaustive survey and covers all Ministries and departments - primary level spending credits.
From 2007 onwards.
GBARD survey and budget text analisis.
|Frequency of data collection|
The survey on GBARD is exhaustive survey and covers all Ministries and departments which are primary level spending credits. Data are collected using a paper questionnaire and by e-mail.
Data validation is done through arithmetic and logic control of input data and comparison of the output data with the results of previous surveys and data from administrative sources.
The survey on GBARD is exhaustive survey and no estimates are made.
The statistical practices used to compile GBARD by socio-economic objectives data are in compliance with Frascati Manual recommendations.
Quality assessment is based on standard quality criteria - relevance, accuracy and reliability, timeliness, comparability and coherence.
Main users of GBARD data are ministries, research institutions and other users in the country, as well as Eurostat and other international organizations.
User satisfaction survey is not conducted.
In accordance with Regulation (EU) No 995/2012 of the Commission the required data completeness is ensured for all variables.
|Data completeness - rate|
Data are produced in all obligatory breakdowns of the variables required by Regulation (EU) No 995/2012.
|Accuracy and reliability|
The statistical data are of good accuracy and reliability.
The survey is exhaustive and there are no sampling errors.
|Sampling errors - indicators|
The survey is exhaustive and there are no sampling errors.
There are no indications for coverage errors.
|Over-coverage - rate|
There is no over-coverage.
|Common units - proportion|
In order to minimize the measurement errors, because of misunderstanding of the respondents, GBARD questionnaire is attended with methodological explanatory notes in line with Frascati Manual recommendations.
|Non response error|
Actions to reduce the non-response include sending the reminder letters, supplemented if needed, by telephone calls and/or direct contact with the respondents for collection of data.
|Unit non-response - rate|
There is not unit non-response error.
|Item non-response - rate|
There is not item non-response error.
Processing errors are negligible due to extensive arithmetic and logical checking control of data.
|Imputation - rate|
|Model assumption error|
|Data revision - policy|
|Data revision - practice|
|Data revision - average size|
|Timeliness and punctuality|
GBARD data are published 6 months after the end of reference period.
|Time lag - first results|
Preliminary data - 6 months after the end of the reference period.
|Time lag - final results|
Final data - 12 months after the end of the reference period.
Deadlines for GBARD data delivery, specified in the Release Calendar, are strictly respected.
|Punctuality - delivery and publication|
GBARD data are published at the date specified in the Release Calendar presenting the results of the statistical surveys carried out by the NSI.
|Coherence and comparability|
|Comparability - geographical|
Data for Bulgaria are comparable with the data for the rest EU member states.
|Asymmetry for mirror flows statistics - coefficient|
|Comparability - over time|
Data are comparable over time.
|Length of comparable time series|
|Coherence - cross domain|
|Coherence - sub annual and annual statistics|
|Coherence - National Accounts|
|Coherence - internal|
The difference between GBARD data and R&D expenditure financed by government is not significant and can be explained with existing objective methodological reasons.
|Accessibility and clarity|
Data are available for all users on the NSI website and on NSI information system INFOSTAT under the heading R&D, Innovation and Information Society
|Data tables - consultations|
Micro data are neither distributed nor provided to the users.
Information service on request, according to the Rules for dissemination of statistical products and services of NSI.
|Metadata - consultations|
|Documentation on methodology|
- Methodological manual “Frascati” (Guidelines for Collecting and Reporting Data on Research and Experimental Development - Frascati Manual, OECD, 2015), adopted by Eurostat for statistical surveys on R&D;
- Methodology of the GBARD survey.
|Metadata completeness – rate|
Quality Report on GBARD statistics.
|Cost and burden|
|Confidentiality - policy|
· Law on Statistics;
· Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.
|Confidentiality – data treatment|
The individual (primary) data are confidential according to the Law on Statistics and European legislation. To ensure their protection and inability to be identified, the aggregated indicators are also defined as confidential when the indicator is calculated from one or two enterprises or one enterprise formed more than 85% of the total value of this indicator.