|GDP by Final Expenditure components||current prices||previous year prices||at average 2010 prices**||Volume index*** (previous year=100)|
|Fourth quarter of 2018*|
|(million BGN)||(million BGN)||(million BGN)||(%)|
|Gross Domestic Product||29 813||28 995||24 992||103.0|
|Final Consumption Expenditure||24 130||23 144||21 045||103.4|
|Individual Consumption||21 220||20 512||18 768||102.6|
|of Households||18 647||18 145||16 814||102.4|
|Individual of General Government||2 433||2 220||1 845||103.4|
|Collective||2 910||2 632||2 272||109.7|
|Gross Capital Formation||6 324||6 249||.||.|
|Gross Fixed Capital Formation||5 986||5 929||5 251||106.7|
|Changes in Inventories||338||320||.||.|
|Exports of Goods and Services||17 419||16 932||14 655||102.2|
|Goods||14 160||13 803||12 684||101.3|
|Services||3 259||3 129||2 210||105.3|
|Imports of Goods and Services||18 060||17 330||16 084||101.6|
|Goods||15 477||14 953||14 278||103.1|
|Services||2 583||2 377||1 834||92.7|
* Preliminary data.
|** Data are calculated according the annual overlap technique. Aggregates are nonadditive.|
|*** The volume indices are calculated based on the values of the corresponding indicator at constant prices of 2010; for more information, see Price and Volume Measures (Methodological notes)|
GDP by Final Expenditure – Total of economy
National Statistical Institute
|Contact organisation unit|
"Non-Financial National Accounts"
|Contact person function|
Head of Department
|Contact mail address|
2 P. Volov Str., Sofia 1038
|Contact email address|
|Contact phone number|
+359 2 9857 623
|Contact fax number|
|Metadata last certified||07 March 2019|
|Metadata last posted||07 March 2019|
|Metadata last update||07 March 2019|
National accounts for Bulgaria compiled according to the main methodological recommendations of the documents "System of National Accounts, 2008" (SNA 2008), an issue of EUROSTAT, IMF, OECD, UN and the World Bank, and "European System of Accounts, 2010" (ESA2010), an issue of EUROSTAT.
Main macroeconomic indicators of the system of national accounts are the gross domestic product (GDP).
GDP by final expenditure is calculated as a sum of individual consumption(including final consumption expenditure of households, final consumption expenditure of non-profit institutions serving households, final government expenditure on individual consumption), collective consumption (final cost to the government for collective consumption, which satisfy the needs of society as a whole), gross fixed capital formation(investments made in fixed assets), changes in inventories, net exports of goods and services(the difference between exports and imports of goods and services).
Flows of products and services in the economic system of Bulgaria are structured based on national classifications consistent with the classification standards of the European System of Accounts 2010 (ESA 2010):
· Classification of Individual Consumption According to Purpose (COICOP);
· Classification of the Functions of Government (COFOG);
· Nomenclature of Industrial Production (PRODCOM.BG);
· Combined Nomenclature.
Total of economy
|Statistical concepts and definitions|
GDP by the method of the costs of final use includes the following components:
Individual consumption of households, measured by :
Final consumption expenditure of households, covering the following items:
Individual consumption of households is calculated in accordance with the so-called national plan, i.e. includes consumption of residents abroad and excludes the use of non-residents. Since 1997, household consumption expenditures are estimated classification SOISOR - An international classification of consumer spending used in the SNA and ESA 2008-2010. Household consumption expenditures are presented in 12 major sections.
Final consumption expenditure of government for Individual household for services provided include free services in health, social security, education, sport, culture and art. They are measured by the gross output of these activities, less the fees paid (if any) included in intermediate consumption of other sectors or in final consumption expenditure of households.
Final consumption expenditure of NPISHs is measured by the production of this institutional sector. This is the cost of union, religious, charitable and other non-profit organizations to provide goods and services to households free or at not economically significant prices.
Data on final consumption expenditure of households follow internationally accepted national concept in terms of consumption expenditure of foreign tourists in Bulgaria and the Bulgarians abroad. According to it, the cash expenditure of foreign tourists in the country are recognized in the revenue side of the balance as exports of goods and services , and monetary costs of Bulgarian citizens abroad are recognized in the expenditure side of the balance as imports of goods and services. The application of this methodological principle does not change the level of GDP, as it affects both besides the assessment of final consumption, and trade the balance of goods and services.
Collective consumption is measured by final government expenditure on collective services provided to the public as a whole. Includes Maintenance of the settlements made by the municipalities, basic research, public administration, defense and security.
They are measured by the volume of their gross output less the value from the fees paid for services element of final consumption expenditure of households.
Gross fixed capital formation includes the cost of acquiring these types of long-term financial assets, including the increase in construction in progress:
These are investments made for the purchase of assets reused in the manufacturing process for an extended period of time (over a year).
According to the methodology acquired existing assets remain outside the scope of the indicator, as the value of the cost of distribution and installation of existing assets affects the amount of gross fixed capital formation.
Elements of gross fixed capital formation are valued at purchasers' prices when they are bought, and the basic price if they are produced for own consumption.
Changes in inventories include:
Annual estimates of changes in inventories and holding gains and losses are made as the sum of the quarterly estimates.
For inventories of finished goods and work in progress, holding gains and losses are eliminated from estimates of production in the production account. Intermediate consumption is adjusted by the value of holding gains for raw materials. Changes in inventories as part of GDP by expenditure method for final use is calculated excluding holding gains and losses for the four groups of stocks.
Estimates of changes in inventories without holding gains / losses are made in the following manner:
The holdings of stocks by type and activity at the beginning and end of a given quarter are deflated with specific price indices, which are converted into average prices of the previous year. The difference between the deflated values (end minus beginning of the period) is an assessment of physical change in inventories at constant prices without holding gains / losses. Assessment of changes in stocks at the prices of the quarter is obtained through inflated the valuation at constant prices, a price index for the quarter.
The foreign trade balance (exports minus imports of goods and services) as a component of GDP by final use is the difference between the value of exported and imported goods and services. Exports and imports of goods are recorded at prices FOB.
Institutional unit under ESA2010 - enterprise, household, public institution.
Economic territory of the country
1995 - Forth Quarter 2018* * Preliminary data
|Unit of measure|
|Legal acts and other agreements|
REGULATION (EU) No 549/2013 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL
Eurostat program to provide data on national accounts, the IMF, the UN.
|Confidentiality - policy|
· Law on Statistics;
· Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.
|Confidentiality - data treatment|
The date of publication of statistical information available is in the Calendar for the results of statistical surveys of NSI. Statistics published: 42-43 days after the relevant period.
|Release calendar access|
The calendar is available on the NSI website: http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/480
Data is published on the NSI website, section Macroeconomic statistics - Gross Domestic Product in accordance with the Law on Statistics and the European Statistics Code of Practice respecting the professional independence and aimed at objectivity, transparency and equal treatment of all consumers.
|Frequency of dissemination|
|Accessibility and clarity|
Data are available to all users of the NSI website under the heading Macroeconomic statistics - Gross Domestic Product - Quarterly data - GDP by Final Expenditure - Total of economy: http://www.nsi.bg/en/node/5509
|Documentation on methodology|
European System of Accounts (2010) (Eurostat).
· European Statistics Code of Practice;
· Common framework for quality management in the National Statistical System.
Questionnaire on the implementation of the principles of the European Statistics Code of Practice.
|Accuracy and reliability|
|Timeliness and punctuality|
|Coherence and comparability|
|Comparability - geographical|
|Comparability - over time|
|Coherence - cross domain|
Additional information on other indicators in national accounts are available in other subject areas related to national accounts
|Coherence - internal|
|Cost and burden|
|Data revision - policy|
In practice, the system of national accounts, there are two main types of revisions beyond the scope and content of the methods of seasonal adjustment. The first type of audits is ongoing, regular characterized by the presence of new or updated statistical information based on statistical surveys or administrative sources. The second type of revisions is related to a change in the methodology and calculation procedures for specific statistical indicators.
|Data revision - practice|
In line with Eurostat to provide data on national accounts and the National Statistical Programme of Bulgaria, GDP data are developed in the following intervals:
- Flash estimates of GDP - T +42-43 days after the reporting period
- Current quarterly estimates of GDP - T +65 days after the reporting period
Information sources for development are:
|Frequency of data collection|
Implementation of validated procedures for assessing data quality.
Implementation of validated procedures for assessing the quality of data and the development of estimation of the completeness of the data.
Applies seasonal adjustment of the data using software Demeter.
Wednesday, 15 May 2019 - 16:40
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the first quarter of 2019 increased by 0.5% in the EU-28 compared to the previous quarter by seasonally adjusted data. For the same period, GDP in Bulgaria increased by 1.1%.
Wednesday, 15 May 2019 - 11:00
According to the seasonally adjusted data, the GDP growth rate in the first quarter of 2019 is 3.4% compared to the same quarter of the previous year.
Thursday, 7 March 2019 - 15:10
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the fourth quarter of 2018 increased by 0.3% in the EU-28 compared to the previous quarter by seasonally adjusted data. For the same period, GDP in Bulgaria increased by 0.8%.
Thursday, 7 March 2019 - 11:00
According to the preliminary data, GDP per person employed increased by 3.8% in the fourth quarter of 2018 compared to the same quarter of the previous year.
Thursday, 7 March 2019 - 11:00
According to the preliminary data, GDP per person employed increased by 3.2% in 2018 compared to the previous year.
Thursday, 7 March 2019 - 11:00
According to the seasonally adjusted data, the GDP growth rate in the fourth quarter of 2018 is 3.2% compared with the same quarter of 2017.
Thursday, 14 February 2019 - 16:45
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the fourth quarter of 2018 increased by 0.2% in the EU-28 compared to the previous quarter by seasonally adjusted data. For the same period, GDP in Bulgaria increased by 0.7%.
Thursday, 14 February 2019 - 11:00
According to the seasonally adjusted data, the GDP growth rate in the fourth quarter of 2018 is 3.1% compared to the same quarter of the previous year.
Friday, 7 December 2018 - 16:55
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the third quarter of 2018 increased by 0.3% in the EU-28 compared to the previous quarter by seasonally adjusted data. For the same period, GDP in Bulgaria increased by 0.7%.
Friday, 7 December 2018 - 11:00
According to the preliminary data, GDP per person employed increased by 3.7% in the third quarter of 2018 compared to the same quarter of the previous year.
Key Indicators for Bulgaria (as of 05.04.2019)
Main Macroeconomic Indicators 2017
The National Statistical Institute informs users of statistical information that the annual bilingual (Bulgarian/English) publication Main Macroeconomic Indicators 2017 is already available. The issue contains the results from official statistics' work on calculation of main macroeconomic indicators for Bulgaria in accordance with the System of National Accounts (SNA 2008) and the European System of Accounts (ESA 2010).
Key Indicators for Bulgaria (as of 28.12.2018)
Key Indicators for Bulgaria (as of 05.10.2018)
Key Indicators for Bulgaria (as of 06.07.2018)
Statistical Yearbook 2017 in infographics
The National Statistical Institute of Bulgaria offers a different view of the statistical information included in the 85th edition of the Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Bulgaria.
The publication is intended for a wider audience as statistical data are presented in a plain and easy understandable way.
The current state and changes in the socio-economic and cultural life in the country are presented not in the traditional way in tables and text, but through infographics - images, graphics and other visualization tools.
Statistical Yearbook 2017
The National Statistical Institute (NSI) has the pleasure to present to the attention of national and foreign users of statistical information the 84th edition of the ‘Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Bulgaria’ in printed and electronic format.
It provides current statistical information about the demographic, economic and social development of the country for 2012 - 2016 in different territorial and classification aggregations and breakdowns.
Key Indicators for Bulgaria (as of 05.04.2018)
Main Macroeconomic Indicators 2016
The National Statistical Institute informs users of statistical information that the annual bilingual (Bulgarian/English) publication Main Macroeconomic Indicators 2016 is already available. The issue contains the results from official statistics' work on calculation of main macroeconomic indicators for Bulgaria in accordance with the System of National Accounts (SNA 2008) and the European System of Accounts (ESA 2010).
Key Indicators for Bulgaria (as of 29.12.2017)